Genus: Prognathodon DOLLO, 1889
Etymology:
= Ancylocentrum SCHMIDT, 1927
Etymology:
= Brachysaurana STRAND, 1926
Etymology:
= Brachysaurus WILLISTON, 1897
Etymology:
= Dollosaurus IAKOVLEV, 1901
Etymology:
= Prognathosaurus DOLLO, 1889
Etymology:
= Tenerasaurus KADDUMI, 2009
Etymology: Latin, tenera, "young" and Greek, sauros, "lizard."

Note: DOLLO named Prognathosaurus to replace Prognathodon because he thought it was preoccupied by Prognathodus Edgerton, which is not the case.

Species: solvayi DOLLO, 1889
Etymology:
= Prognathosaurus solvayi (DOLLO, 1889) DOLLO, 1889

Holotype: IRSNB R33

Locality: Mesvin, Solvay quarry, Belgium.

Horizon: Ciply Phosphatic Chalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Maastrichtian Stage, uppermost Senonian subepoch, Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material: Nearly complete skull and Incomplete skeleton comprising thoracic dorsal and caudal vertebrae, ribs, right and left fragments of scapula and coracoid.

Referred material:

IRSNB R107: Fragments of skull and dentaries.

 


Locality: Spiennes, Houzeau Quarry, Belgium.

Horizon: Ciply Phosphatic Chalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Maastrichtian Stage, uppermost Senonian subepoch, Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material:

IRSNB R108: Jaw and skull fragments, some ribs, vertebrae.

 

BARDET, CORRAL & PEREDA SUBERBIOLA, 1999

Locality: Disused sand quarry near the village of Lano, Lano quarry, Trevino County, about 20 km SE of the City of Vitoria, Basque-Cantabric Basin, Basque Province, Iberian Peninsula, Spain.

Horizon: Sobrepena Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Uppermost Campanian-Lowermost Maastrichtian Stage, Upper Senonian subepoch, Upper Upper Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material:

MCNA 6449: Tooth.

BARDET, MARTIN, CORRAL, PEREDA SUBERBIOLA, & ASTIBIA, 2013

LU-GMS/LAN001: A marginal tooth probably from the median part of the jaws.

LU-GMS/LAN005: A marginal tooth form teh median part of the jaws.

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Species: compressidens (GAUDRY, 1892) SCHULP, POLCYN, MATEUS, JACOBS & MORALS, 2008
= Liodon compressidens GAUDRY, 1892
Etymology:

Holotype: MNHN AC 1875-575

Locality: Michery, Bourgogne Region, Yonne Department, France.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Belemnitella quadrata zone.

Age: Early Campanian, Upper Senonian Subepoch, Upper Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material: Fragmentary skull.

Referred material:

BARDET, 2012

Locality: Mortagne-sur-Gironde, Poitou-Charentes region, France.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Early Campanian, Upper Senonian Subepoch, Upper Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material:

MNHN 1886-5: Poorly preseved jaw fragment with teeth.



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Species: overtoni (WILLISTON, 1897) RUSSELL, 1967
Etymology:
= undrescribed genus overtoni WILLISTON, 1895
= Brachysaurus overtoni WILLISTON, 1897
= Ancylocentrum overtoni SCHMIDT, 1927

Holotype: KUVP 950

Locality: Near the top of the Pierre deposits of the Cheyenne River of South Dakota.

Horizon: Probably 100 feet or more above the level of Mosasaurus horridus, Upper Pierre Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Campanian Stage, Senonian subepoch, Upper Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material: Fragmentary skull, 20 vertebrae, humeri and 2 paddle bones.

Referred material:

Locality: 6 miles southwest of Cuny Table on Mule Creek, Shannon County, South Dakota.

Horizon: Virgin Creek Member, Upper Pierre Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Lower Maastrichtian Stage, uppermost Senonian subepoch, Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material:

SDSM 3393: Skull.

 

KONISHI, BRINKMAN, MASSARE & CALDWELL, 2011

Locality: Approximately 4 km NNW of Bullshead Butte, southern Alberta Province, Canada.

Horizon: Bearpaw Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Campanian Stage, Senonian subepoch, Upper Gulf epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material:

RTMP 1983.164.001: Fragmentry skull, jaw, rib and girdle elements.

 

Locality: East side of St. Mary River about 10 km NWof Welling, southern Albeta Province, Canada.

Horizon: Lower Bearpaw Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Campanian Stage, Senonian subepoch, Upper Gulf epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material:

RTMP 2007.034.0001: Complete skull and largely articulated postcranium lacking paddles.

 

Locality: Blood Tribe reserve lands along the west side of St. Mary River about 12 km NNW of Welling, southern Albeta Province, Canada.

Horizon: Lower Bearpaw Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Campanian Stage, Senonian subepoch, Upper Gulf epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material:

RTMP 2002.400.0001: Nearly complete skull and largely articulated postcranium, with one incomplete scapula, associated front paddle elements, semi-articulated pelvic girdle, articulated proximal left hind paddle, adn articulated, nealry complete right hind paddle.



 

KUES & SPENCER, 1985

Locality: SE 1/4, NW 1/4 sec. 9, T33N, R1W, about 21 km south of Pagosa Springs, Archuleta County, Colorado.

Horizon: Lewis Shale.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Cretaceous.

Material:

UNM LK-2: Right dentary tip, tooth, 2 posterior caudal vertebrae, posterior cervical vertebrae, and ulnae.

 

LUCAS & IKEJIRI, 2004

Locality: NMMNH 4547 (found during the construction of a house southwest of Durango), Sec 7, T34N, R10W, La Plata County, Colorado.

Horizon: Middle Lewis Shale.

Biostratigraphy: Baculites perplexus zone.

Age: Middle Campanian Stage, Senonian subepoch, Upper Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material:

NMMNH P-41767: Incomplete skull, including the quadrate, pieces of both lower jaws, including a dentulous piece with 7 broken teeth, 7 articulated cervical vertebrae, ribs and other bone fragments.

 

RUSSELL, 1967

Locality: Cheyenne River, 100 feet above the level of KU 1034, Custer County, South Dakota.

Horizon: Pierre Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Cretaceous.

Material:

KU 1034:

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Species: lutugini (IAKOVLEV, 1901) LINGHAM-SOLIAR, & NOLF, 1989
Etymology:
= Dollosaurus lutugini IAKOVLEV, 1901

Holotype:

Locality: Donets River, Donetz Basin, Voroshilovgrad Region, Ukraine.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Belemnitella mucronata Zone.

Age: Upper Campanian Stage, Senonian subepoch, Upper Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material: Partial skull and skeleton.
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Species: rapax (HAY, 1902) RUSSELL, 1967
Etymology:
= Macrosaurus laevis in part LEIDY, 1865
Etymology:
= Liodon validus COPE, 1869-1870
Etymology:
= Tylosaurus rapax HAY, 1902

Holotype: AMNH 1490

Locality: Medford, Near Barnesboro, Gloucester County, New Jersey.

Horizon: Navesink Formation, Monmouth Group.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Maastrichtian Stage, uppermost Senonian subepoch, Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material: Quadrates of 2 individuals.


Syntype: ANSP 9641

Locality: Monmouth County, New Jersey.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Cretaceous.

Material: Vertebrae.

Referred material:

AMNH 2205?

YPM 413:

YPM 1597:

ANSP 8550:

BELL, 1997

NJSM (GSNJ) 9827:

UCBMP 126280, 126715:

AMNH 1490 (in part):

 

CALLAHAN, JOHNSON & MEHLING, 2010

Locality: Spheno Run, Maryland.

Horizon: New Egypt Formation, Monmouth Group.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Maastrichtian Stage, uppermost Senonian subepoch, Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material:

Number: Not given:

 

MASSARE, 2006

Locality: Blood Nation Reservation, near Lethbridge, Lethbridge County, Alberta Province, Canada.

Horizon: Lower Bearpaw Formation, equivalent ot the DeGrey Member, Pierre Shale.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Campanian Stage, Senonian subepoch, Upper Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material: Nearly complete skull and nearly complete skeleton.

 

= Ancylocentrum hungerfordi CHAFFEE, 1939
Etymology:

Holotype: Geol. Surv. New Jersey, No. 9827

Locality: Inversand Company Pit, Sewell, Gloucester County, New Jersey.

Horizon: Navesink (= New Egypt) Formation, Monmouth Group.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Maastrichtian Stage, uppermost Senonian subepoch, Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material: Left quadrate nearly complete, right quadrate broken, unidentified skull fragments, articular of left mandible, splenial of left mandible broken, presplenial of left mandible broken, splenial of right mandible broken, 4 fragmentary teeth, 5 caudal vertebrae and 1 cervical vertebrae.

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Species: giganteus DOLLO, 1904
Etymology:
= Mosasaurus giganteus (DOLLO, 1904)
= Prognathosaurus giganteus (DOLLO, 1904)

Holotype: IRSNB R106

Locality: Spiennes, Solvay Quarry, Belgium.

Horizon: Ciply Phosphatic Chalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Maastrichtian Stage, uppermost Senonian subepoch, Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material: Incompletely preserved skull and remains of postcranial material.

Referred material:

BARDET, CAPPETTA, PEREDA SUBERBIOLA, MOUTY, AL MALEH, AHMAD, KHRATA & GANNOUM, 2000

Locality: Bardeh mine, Palmyra area, Palmyrides China of Syria.

Horizon: Phosphatic deposit.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Maastrichtian Stage, uppermost Senonian subepoch, Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material:

Number: Not given: Teeth.

BARDET, 2012

MNHN-KHN7: Tooth.

 

Locality: Khneifiss mine, Palmyra area, Palmyrides China of Syria.

Horizon: Phosphatic deposit.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Maastrichtian Stage, uppermost Senonian subepoch, Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material:

Number: Not given: Teeth.

 

BARDET & PEREDA SUBERBIOLA, 2002

Locality: Ruseifa Quarry, near Amman, Jordan.

Horizon: Phosphatic.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Cretaceous.

Material:

Uncatalogued: Teeth.

 

DOLLO

Locality: Near Zichen, Limburg Province, The Netherlands.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Lower – Upper Maastrichtian Stage, uppermost Senonian subepoch, Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material:

Number: Not given: Teeth.

 

cf. giganteus LINGHAM-SOLIAR, 1994

Locality: Manzadi, Bas Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Formerly the Belgian Congo, Zaire).

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Maastrichtian Stage, uppermost Senonian subepoch, Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material:

Number: Not given: 2 teeth, one with the top of the crown absent.

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Species: (?) donicus (PRAVOSLAVLEV, 1914) RUSSELL, 1967
= Mosasaurus donicus PRAVOSLAVLEV, 1914
Etymology:

Holotype:

Locality: Liska River Basin, Don Region, European Russia.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Campanian Stage, Senonian subepoch, Upper Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material: Fragmentary remains.
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Species: waiparaensis WELLES & GREGG, 1971
Etymology:

Holotype: CM. zfr 108

Locality: Haumuribluff, Middle Waipara River, right bank of river, 0.5km upstream from McKays Road Bridge, Grid Reference S68/965133, Cheviot and Waipara District, South Island, New Zealand.

Horizon: Laidmore Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Upper M. druggi Zone.

Age: Haumurian, Maastrichtian Stage, Uppermost Senonian, Uppermost Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material: Skull, cervical vertebrae and ribs.

Referred material:

= Prognathodon cf. waiparaensis LINDGREN & SCHULP, 2010

Locality: Tumey-Panoche Hills area, western Fresno County, California.

Horizon: TierraLoma Shale, Moreno Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Trachybaculites columna zone.

Age: Maastrichtian Stage, Uppermost Senonian, Uppermost Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material:

UCMP 152663: Partial skull including premaxilla, left maxilla, right quadrate, fragments of prefrontal (?), postorbitofrontal, parietla, and one pectoral girdle element.


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Species: saturator DORTANGS, SCHULP, MULDER, JAGT, PEETERS & GRAAF, 2002
Etymology: Latin, saturator, "he who gives satisfacation"; both to Maastrichtian sharks as well as recent palaeontologists).

Holotype: NHM 1998141

Locality: ENCI-Maastricht B.V. quarry, 54°49’N, 5°41’E, 3 km S of Maastricht, Limburg Province, The Netherlands.

Horizon: Lanaye Member, Gulpen Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Belemnitella junior Cephalopod zone.

Age: Maastrichtian Age, Upper Senonian Subepoch, Upper Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material: Near-complete skull, articulated cervical and anterior dorsal vertebrae with cervical and dorsal ribs, isolated pygal and caudal vertebrae, scapula-coracoid and scattered elements of appendicular skeleton.
Note: Some ribs have bite marks from sharks (ROTHSCHILDS, MARTIN & SCHULP, 2005)

Referred material:

= Prognathodon cf. saturator SCHULP & JAGT, 2015

Locality: Northerastern corner of the ENCI-Heidelberg Cement Group Quarry, Limburg Province, south of Maastricht, the Netherlands.

Horizon: Lanaye Member, Gulpen Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Upper Maastrichtian Stage, uppermost Senonian subepoch, Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material:

NHMM JJ 15128: Fragmentary left quadrate.

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Species: currii CHRISTIANSEN & BONDE, 2002
Etymology: In honor of Philip J. Currie, Royal Tyrell Museum of Paleontology, Drumheller, Alberta, Canada, for his fiftieth birthday (March, 1999)

Holotype: HUJ.OR 100

Locality: Phosphate mining in the Oron Mine, Negev Desert, southern Isreal.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Campanian Stage, Senonian Subepoch, Upper Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material: Skull and 8 anterior cervical vertebrae.

Referred material:

BARDET, SUBERBIOLA, IAROCHENE, AMALIK & BOUYA, 2005

Locality: Ben Guerir area, Ganntour Basin, Morocco.

Horizon: Phosphatic deposits.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Maastrichtian Stage, uppermost Senonian subepoch, Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material:

OCP.DEK/GE 349, 350: 2 median teeth.

Note: From LEvel C5.

OCP.DEK/GE uncatalogued: 5 teeth from different levels.

Note: 1 from level C6, 1 from level C4, 2 from level C3, and 1 from level C2.

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Species: kianda SCHULP, POLCYN, MATEUS, JACOBS & MORAIS, 2008
Etymology: Named after Kianda (named used in apposition), an Angolan mythological deity who rules the ocean and its fish. In one tale, Kianda ppears in a form of a skull.
= Prognathodon
Nova SCHULP, MATEUS, POLCYN & JACOBS, 2006

Holotype: MGUAN PA 129

Locality: Near the village of Bentiaba (Formerly Sao Nicolau), Namibe Province (Formerly Mocamedes), souhwestern Angola.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Maastrichtian Stage, uppermost Senonian subepoch, Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material: Fragmentary skull.

Paratypes:

MGUAN PA 128, 149, 150, 151: Fragmentary skulls?

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Species: hudae KADDUMI, 2009
Etymology: In honor of the author's daughter "Huda" who never failed to recognize every new fossil he discovered.

Holotpe: ERMNH HFV 277

Locality: Harrana, Jordan.

Horizon: Muqaqqar Chalk Marl Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Maastrichtian Stage, uppermost Senonian subepoch, Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material: Almost complete left dentary with four teeth preserved (2, 4, 8, 10) and an incomplete right dentary with three teeth (2, 3, 8).

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Species: hashimi (KADDUMI, 2009) LINDGREN, KADDUMI, & POLCYN, 2013
= Tenerasaurus hashimi KADDUMI, 2009
Etymology:

Holotype: ERMNH HFV 197

Locality: Konservat-Lagerstatte of Harrana, Central Jordan.

Horizon:

Age: Latest Maastrichtian Stage, uppermost Senonian subepoch, Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material: Nearly complete skeleton, missing the skull and tip of tail.

Note: Has skin impressions on the flippers, and bukibed tail.