Genus: Prognathodon DOLLO, 1889
Etymology:
= Ancylocentrum SCHMIDT, 1927
Etymology:
= Brachysaurana STRAND, 1926
Etymology:
= Brachysaurus WILLISTON, 1897
Etymology:
= Dollosaurus IAKOVLEV, 1901
Etymology:
= Prognathosaurus DOLLO, 1889
Etymology:
= Tenerasaurus KADDUMI, 2009
Etymology: Latin, tenera, 'young', and Greek, sauros, 'lizard'.

Note: DOLLO named Prognathosaurus to replace Prognathodon because he thought it was preoccupied by Prognathodus Edgerton, which is not the case.

Species: solvayi DOLLO, 1889
Etymology:
= Prognathosaurus solvayi (DOLLO, 1889) DOLLO, 1889

Holotype: IRSNB R33

Locality: Mesvin, Solvay quarry, Belgium.

Horizon: Ciply Phosphatic Chalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Maastrichtian Stage, uppermost Senonian subepoch, Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material: Nearly complete skull and Incomplete skeleton comprising thoracic dorsal and caudal vertebrae, ribs, right and left fragments of scapula and coracoid.

Referred material:

IRSNB R107: Fragments of skull and dentaries.

 


Locality: Spiennes, Houzeau Quarry, Belgium.

Horizon: Ciply Phosphatic Chalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Maastrichtian Stage, uppermost Senonian subepoch, Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material:

IRSNB R108: Jaw and skull fragments, some ribs, vertebrae.

 

BARDET, CORRAL & PEREDA SUBERBIOLA, 1999

Locality: Disused sand quarry near the village of Lano, Lano quarry, Trevino County, about 20 km SE of the City of Vitoria, Basque-Cantabric Basin, Basque Province, Iberian Peninsula, Spain.

Horizon: Sobrepena Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Uppermost Campanian-Lowermost Maastrichtian Stage, Upper Senonian subepoch, Upper Upper Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material:

MCNA 6449: Tooth.

BARDET, MARTIN, CORRAL, PEREDA SUBERBIOLA, & ASTIBIA, 2013

LU-GMS/LAN001: A marginal tooth probably from the median part of the jaws.

LU-GMS/LAN005: A marginal tooth form teh median part of the jaws.

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Species: compressidens (GAUDRY, 1892) SCHULP, POLCYN, MATEUS, JACOBS & MORALS, 2008
= Liodon compressidens GAUDRY, 1892 compressidens GAUDEY, 1892
Etymology:

Holotype: MNHN AC 1875-575

Locality: Michery, Bourgogne Region, Yonne Department, France.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Belemnitella quadrata zone.

Age: Early Campanian, Upper Senonian Subepoch, Upper Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material: Fragmentary skull.

Referred material:

BARDET, 2012

Locality: Mortagne-sur-Gironde, Poitou-Charentes region, France.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Early Campanian, Upper Senonian Subepoch, Upper Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material:

MNHN 1886-5: Poorly preseved jaw fragment with teeth.



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Species: overtoni (WILLISTON, 1897) RUSSELL, 1967
Etymology:
= undrescribed genus overtoni WILLISTON, 1895
= Brachysaurus overtoni WILLISTON, 1897
= Ancylocentrum overtoni SCHMIDT, 1927

Holotype: KUVP 950

Locality: Near the top of the Pierre deposits of the Cheyenne River of South Dakota.

Horizon: Probably 100 feet or more above the level of Mosasaurus horridus, Upper Pierre Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Campanian Stage, Senonian subepoch, Upper Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material: Fragmentary skull, 20 vertebrae, humeri and 2 paddle bones.

Referred material:

Locality: 6 miles southwest of Cuny Table on Mule Creek, Shannon County, South Dakota.

Horizon: Virgin Creek Member, Upper Pierre Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Lower Maastrichtian Stage, uppermost Senonian subepoch, Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material:

SDSM 3393: Skull.

 

KONISHI, BRINKMAN, MASSARE & CALDWELL, 2011

Locality: Approximately 4 km NNW of Bullshead Butte, southern Alberta Province, Canada.

Horizon: Bearpaw Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Campanian Stage, Senonian subepoch, Upper Gulf epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material:

RTMP 1983.164.001: Fragmentry skull, jaw, rib and girdle elements.

 

Locality: East side of St. Mary River about 10 km NWof Welling, southern Albeta Province, Canada.

Horizon: Lower Bearpaw Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Campanian Stage, Senonian subepoch, Upper Gulf epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material:

RTMP 2007.034.0001: Complete skull and largely articulated postcranium lacking paddles.

 

Locality: Blood Tribe reserve lands along the west side of St. Mary River about 12 km NNW of Welling, southern Albeta Province, Canada.

Horizon: Lower Bearpaw Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Campanian Stage, Senonian subepoch, Upper Gulf epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material:

RTMP 2002.400.0001: Nearly complete skull and largely articulated postcranium, with one incomplete scapula, associated front paddle elements, semi-articulated pelvic girdle, articulated proximal left hind paddle, adn articulated, nealry complete right hind paddle.



 

KUES & SPENCER, 1985

Locality: SE 1/4, NW 1/4 sec. 9, T33N, R1W, about 21 km south of Pagosa Springs, Archuleta County, Colorado.

Horizon: Lewis Shale.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Cretaceous.

Material:

UNM LK-2: Right dentary tip, tooth, 2 posterior caudal vertebrae, posterior cervical vertebrae, and ulnae.

 

LUCAS & IKEJIRI, 2004

Locality: NMMNH 4547 (found during the construction of a house southwest of Durango), Sec 7, T34N, R10W, La Plata County, Colorado.

Horizon: Middle Lewis Shale.

Biostratigraphy: Baculites perplexus zone.

Age: Middle Campanian Stage, Senonian subepoch, Upper Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material:

NMMNH P-41767: Incomplete skull, including the quadrate, pieces of both lower jaws, including a dentulous piece with 7 broken teeth, 7 articulated cervical vertebrae, ribs and other bone fragments.

 

RUSSELL, 1967

Locality: Cheyenne River, 100 feet above the level of KU 1034, Custer County, South Dakota.

Horizon: Pierre Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Cretaceous.

Material:

KU 1034:

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Species: lutugini (IAKOVLEV, 1901) LINGHAM-SOLIAR, & NOLF, 1989
Etymology:
= Dollosaurus lutugini IAKOVLEV, 1901

Holotype:

Locality: Donets River, Donetz Basin, Voroshilovgrad Region, Ukraine.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Belemnitella mucronata Zone.

Age: Upper Campanian Stage, Senonian subepoch, Upper Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material: Partial skull and skeleton.
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Species: rapax (HAY, 1902) RUSSELL, 1967
Etymology:
= Macrosaurus laevis in part LEIDY, 1865
Etymology:
= Liodon validus COPE, 1869-1870
Etymology:
= Tylosaurus rapax HAY, 1902

Holotype: AMNH 1490

Locality: Medford, Near Barnesboro, Gloucester County, New Jersey.

Horizon: Navesink Formation, Monmouth Group.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Maastrichtian Stage, uppermost Senonian subepoch, Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material: Quadrates of 2 individuals.


Syntype: ANSP 9641

Locality: Monmouth County, New Jersey.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Cretaceous.

Material: Vertebrae.

Referred material:

AMNH 2205?

YPM 413:

YPM 1597:

ANSP 8550:

BELL, 1997

NJSM (GSNJ) 9827:

UCBMP 126280, 126715:

AMNH 1490 (in part):

 

CALLAHAN, JOHNSON & MEHLING, 2010

Locality: Spheno Run, Maryland.

Horizon: New Egypt Formation, Monmouth Group.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Maastrichtian Stage, uppermost Senonian subepoch, Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material:

Number: Not given:

 

MASSARE, 2006

Locality: Blood Nation Reservation, near Lethbridge, Lethbridge County, Alberta Province, Canada.

Horizon: Lower Bearpaw Formation, equivalent ot the DeGrey Member, Pierre Shale.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Campanian Stage, Senonian subepoch, Upper Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material: Nearly complete skull and nearly complete skeleton.

 

= Ancylocentrum hungerfordi CHAFFEE, 1939
Etymology:

Holotype: Geol. Surv. New Jersey, No. 9827

Locality: Inversand Company Pit, Sewell, Gloucester County, New Jersey.

Horizon: Navesink (= New Egypt) Formation, Monmouth Group.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Maastrichtian Stage, uppermost Senonian subepoch, Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material: Left quadrate nearly complete, right quadrate broken, unidentified skull fragments, articular of left mandible, splenial of left mandible broken, presplenial of left mandible broken, splenial of right mandible broken, 4 fragmentary teeth, 5 caudal vertebrae and 1 cervical vertebrae.

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Species: giganteus DOLLO, 1904
Etymology:
= Mosasaurus giganteus (DOLLO, 1904)
= Prognathosaurus giganteus (DOLLO, 1904)

Holotype: IRSNB R106

Locality: Spiennes, Solvay Quarry, Belgium.

Horizon: Ciply Phosphatic Chalk.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Maastrichtian Stage, uppermost Senonian subepoch, Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material: Incompletely preserved skull and remains of postcranial material.

Referred material:

BARDET, CAPPETTA, PEREDA SUBERBIOLA, MOUTY, AL MALEH, AHMAD, KHRATA & GANNOUM, 2000

Locality: Bardeh mine, Palmyra area, Palmyrides China of Syria.

Horizon: Phosphatic deposit.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Maastrichtian Stage, uppermost Senonian subepoch, Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material:

Number: Not given: Teeth.

BARDET, 2012

MNHN-KHN7: Tooth.

 

Locality: Khneifiss mine, Palmyra area, Palmyrides China of Syria.

Horizon: Phosphatic deposit.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Maastrichtian Stage, uppermost Senonian subepoch, Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material:

Number: Not given: Teeth.

 

BARDET & PEREDA SUBERBIOLA, 2002

Locality: Ruseifa Quarry, near Amman, Jordan.

Horizon: Phosphatic.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Cretaceous.

Material:

Uncatalogued: Teeth.

 

DOLLO

Locality: Near Zichen, Limburg Province, The Netherlands.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Lower – Upper Maastrichtian Stage, uppermost Senonian subepoch, Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material:

Number: Not given: Teeth.

 

cf. giganteus LINGHAM-SOLIAR, 1994

Locality: Manzadi, Bas Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Formerly the Belgian Congo, Zaire).

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Maastrichtian Stage, uppermost Senonian subepoch, Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material:

Number: Not given: 2 teeth, one with the top of the crown absent.

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Species: (?) donicus (PRAVOSLAVLEV, 1914) RUSSELL, 1967
= Mosasaurus donicus PRAVOSLAVLEV, 1914
Etymology:

Holotype:

Locality: Liska River Basin, Don Region, European Russia.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Campanian Stage, Senonian subepoch, Upper Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material: Fragmentary remains.
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Species: waiparaensis WELLES & GREGG, 1971
Etymology:

Holotype: CM. zfr 108

Locality: Haumuribluff, Middle Waipara River, right bank of river, 0.5km upstream from McKays Road Bridge, Grid Reference S68/965133, Cheviot and Waipara District, South Island, New Zealand.

Horizon: Laidmore Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Upper M. druggi Zone.

Age: Haumurian, Maastrichtian Stage, Uppermost Senonian, Uppermost Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material: Skull, cervical vertebrae and ribs.

Referred material:

= Prognathodon cf. waiparaensis LINDGREN & SCHULP, 2010

Locality: Tumey-Panoche Hills area, western Fresno County, California.

Horizon: TierraLoma Shale, Moreno Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Trachybaculites columna zone.

Age: Maastrichtian Stage, Uppermost Senonian, Uppermost Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material:

UCMP 152663: Partial skull including premaxilla, left maxilla, right quadrate, fragments of prefrontal (?), postorbitofrontal, parietla, and one pectoral girdle element.
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Species: stadtmani KASS, 1999
Etymology: In honor of Kenneth Stadtman, curator of the BYU Earth Science Museum, for his extensive work in paleontology.

Holotype: BYU 13802

Locality: In a roadcut on Cedar Mesa about 0.3 kilometers east of Main Street in the town of Cedaridge, NW ¼, NW ¼, Section 28, T13S, R94W, Delta County, Colorado.

Horizon: Upper part of the Mancos Shale, Upper Blue Gate Member.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Lower Campanian Stage, Senonian subepoch, Upper Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material: Incomplete skull including both premaxillae and maxillae, nearly complete right and left mandibles consisting of dentaries, splenials, angulars, surangulars, and prearcticulars, complete left coronoid and fragment of postorbitalfrontal, incomplete postcranial skeleton consisting of posteriormost dorsal and pygal vertebrae, intermediate and terminal caudal vertebrae and ribs.
Note: With Squalicorax teeth nearby, may represent gut contents, organic debris present in the sediment where the carcass came to rest or scavenging.

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Species: saturator DORTANGS, SCHULP, MULDER, JAGT, PEETERS & GRAAF, 2002
Etymology: Latin, saturator, ‘he who gives satisfacation’; both to Maastrichtian sharks as well as recent palaeontologists).

Holotype: NHM 1998141

Locality: ENCI-Maastricht B.V. quarry, 54°49’N, 5°41’E, 3 km S of Maastricht, Limburg Province, The Netherlands.

Horizon: Lanaye Member, Gulpen Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Belemnitella junior Cephalopod zone.

Age: Maastrichtian Age, Upper Senonian Subepoch, Upper Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material: Near-complete skull, articulated cervical and anterior dorsal vertebrae with cervical and dorsal ribs, isolated pygal and caudal vertebrae, scapula-coracoid and scattered elements of appendicular skeleton.
Note: Some ribs have bite marks from sharks (ROTHSCHILDS, MARTIN & SCHULP, 2005)

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Species: currii CHRISTIANSEN & BONDE, 2002
Etymology: In honor of Philip J. Currie, Royal Tyrell Museum of Paleontology, Drumheller, Alberta, Canada, for his fiftieth birthday (March, 1999)

Holotype: HUJ.OR 100

Locality: Phosphate mining in the Oron Mine, Negev Desert, southern Isreal.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Campanian Stage, Senonian Subepoch, Upper Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material: Skull and 8 anterior cervical vertebrae.

Referred material:

BARDET, SUBERBIOLA, IAROCHENE, AMALIK & BOUYA, 2005

Locality: Ben Guerir area, Ganntour Basin, Morocco.

Horizon: Phosphatic deposits.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Maastrichtian Stage, uppermost Senonian subepoch, Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material:

OCP.DEK/GE 349, 350: 2 median teeth.

Note: From LEvel C5.

OCP.DEK/GE uncatalogued: 5 teeth from different levels.

Note: 1 from level C6, 1 from level C4, 2 from level C3, and 1 from level C2.

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Species: kianda SCHULP, POLCYN, MATEUS, JACOBS & MORAIS, 2008
Etymology: Named after Kianda (named used in apposition), an Angolan mythological deity who rules the ocean and its fish. In one tale, Kianda ppears in a form of a skull.
= Prognathodon
Nova SCHULP, MATEUS, POLCYN & JACOBS, 2006

Holotype: MGUAN PA 129

Locality: Near the village of Bentiaba (Formerly Sao Nicolau), Namibe Province (Formerly Mocamedes), souhwestern Angola.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Maastrichtian Stage, uppermost Senonian subepoch, Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material: Fragmentary skull.

Paratypes:

MGUAN PA 128, 149, 150, 151: Fragmentary skulls?

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Species: hashimi (KADDUMI, 2009) LINDGREN, KADDUMI, & POLCYN, 2013
= Tenerasaurus hashimi KADDUMI, 2009
Etymology: Latin, tenera, 'young', and Greek, sauros, 'lizard'.

Holotype: ERMNH HFV 197

Locality: Konservat-Lagerstatte of Harrana, Central Jordan.

Horizon:

Age: Latest Maastrichtian Stage, uppermost Senonian subepoch, Gulf Epoch, Late Cretaceous.

Material: Nearly complete skeleton, missing the skull and tip of tail.

Note: Has skin impressions on the flippers, and bukibed tail.