Genus: Crocodilus GRONOVIUS, 1763
Etymology: Greek, kroko, "pebble" and Greek, deilos, "worm or man"; Pebble worm or Pebble man?, in reference to the pebbly skin structure.
= Bombifrons GRAY, 1862
Etymology: Greek, bombos, “buzzing” and Latin, frons, “leaf or frond.”
= Champse MERREM, 1820
Etymology:
= Crocodillus SCOPOLI, 1777 (sic)
= Crocodilus BONNATERRE, 1789 (sic)
= Crocodylus LAURENTI, 1768
= Enneodon PRANGER, 1845
Etymology:
= Ichthyosuchus COPE, 1844
Etymology:
= Molinia GRAY, 1844
Etymology:
= Motinia GRAY, 1844 (sic)
= Oopholis GRAY, 1844
Etymology:
= Palinia GRAY, 1844
Etymology:
= Philas GRAY, 1844
Etymology:
= Temsacus GRAY, 1862
Etymology:

Species: niloticus LAURENTI, 1768 (partim) (Living)
Etymology: In reference to the Nile river.
(Timsa, Nile crocodile, Mamba, Garwe, Ngwenya)

Locality: Originally occurred from the mouth of the Nile south to the Cape of Good Hope, including Senegal, Madagascar and Syria (the Zerka or Crocodile River, near Caesarea, but by 1870 it had already become rare in Egypt; its present range is effectively from the Sudan to Rhodesia.

= Crocodilus niloticus niloticus (LAURENTI, 1768) (living) (subspecies)
(Ethiopian Nile crocodile)
= Crocodilus niloticus DAUDIN, 1802
= Crocodilus vulgaris CUVIER 1807
Etymology: Latin, vulgaris, "common."
= Crocodilus suchus GEFFROY de ST. HILAIRE, 1807
Etymology: Greek, suchos, "crocodile."
= Crocodilus niloticus suchus (GEFFROY de ST. HILAIRE, 1807) (living) (subspecies)
(Central African Nile crocodile)
= Crocodilus chamses BORY de ST. VINCENT, 1824
Etymology:
= Crocodilus niloticus chamses (BORY de ST. VINCENT, 1824) (living) (subspecies)
(West African Nile crocodile)
= Crocodilus multiscutatus RUPPELL, 1826
Etymology:
= Crocodilus marginatus GEFFROY de ST. HILAIRE, 1827
Etymology:
= Crocodilus lacunosus GEFFORY de ST. HILAIRE, 1827
Etymology:
= Crocodilus complanatus GEFFORY de ST. HILAIRE, 1827
Etymology:
= Crocodilus octophractus RUPELL, 1831
Etymology:
= Crocodilus binuensis BAIKIE, 1857
Etymology:
= Crocodilus madagascariensis GRANDIDIER, 1872
Etymology: In reference to Madagascar, the country of origin.
= Crocodilus niloticus madagascariensis (GRANDIDIER, 1872) (living) (subspecies)
(Malagasy Nile crocodile, Malagasy alligator, Croco Mada)
= Crocodilus hexaphractos RUPPELL, 1885
Etymology:
= Crocodilus crocodilius FOX, 1901
Etymology:
= Crocodylus vulgaris KALIN 1933
= Champsa vulgaris WENZ, 1933
= Crocodilus niloticus kaisensis SWINTON, 1926
Etymology:
= Crocodilus niloticus niloticus DERANIYAGALA, 1948
Etymology:
= Crocodilus niloticus pauciscutatus DERANIYAGALA, 1948
Etymology:
(Kenyan Nile crocodile, Kenya alligator, Kenya caiman) (living) (subspecies)
= Crocodilus niloticus worthingtoni DERANIYAGALA, 1948
Etymology:
= Crocodilus niloticus africanus (living) (subspecies)
Etymology: In reference to Africa, country of origin.
(East African Nile crocodile)
= Crocodilus niloticus corviei (living) (subspecies)
(South African Nile crocodile)

Referred material:

ANDREWS, 1914

Locality: Neighborhood of Karungu, near the eastern shore of the Victoria Nyanza, Rwanda, East Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Early Miocene Epoch, Lower Neogene Period, Upper Tertiary Subera, Middle Cenozoic Era.

Material:

Number: Not given:

 

ARAMBOURG, 1947

Locality: Omo Valley, Ethiopia, West Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Pleistocene Epoch, Upper Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

Number: Not given: Skull and jaw fragment.

 

CLIFT, 1829

Locality: Bank of the Irawadi.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age:

Material:

Number: Not given: Portions of lower jaw and several vertebrae.

 

DELFINO, SEGID, YOSIEF, SHOSHANI, ROOK & LIBSEKAL, 2004

Locality: Buia area, Northern Danskil Depression, Eritrea.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Early to Early-Middle Pleistocene.

Material:

DAN 25-31, 38-42, 57, 203-204, UA 128, 170, 191, 260, 416-417, 423-424, 429-431: Osteoderms.

DAN 32-33, UA 208, 284, 395 (two remains), 400-401, 403, 419, 422, 427-428: Vertebrae.

DAN 34: rib.

DAN 36, 156: Femora.

DAN 43: Metopodial.

DAN 58: Premaxilla.

DAN 90, 104, 137, UA 38, 226, 236, 241, 420-421: Dentaries.

DAN 105-106, 188: Maxilla.

DAN 158, 186, 225: Skulls.

DAN 225: Skull and lower jaw.

DAN 226: Premaxilla.

UA 373, 408-411, 414-415: Teeth.

UA 221: Phalanx.

 

 

HARRIS, LEAKEY & CERLING, 2004

Locality: Kanapoi, southwest of Lake Turkana, 36°3'51.1"E, 2°18'32.2"N, Northern Kenya.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Early Pliocene.

Material:

KNM-KP 18333: Left mandible fragment.

KNM-KP 18334: Left mandible fragment.

KNM-KP 18336: Incomplete skull.

KNM-KP 18337: Young skull.

KNM-KP 18338: Adult skull.

KNM-KP 30196: Articulated skull and mandible.

KNM-KP 30437: Skull fragments.

KNM-KP 30492: Cranial fragments, scutes, and postcranial fragments.

KNM-KP 30484: Partial skull and mandible.

KNM-KP 30604: Skull.

 

MATHEWS, & SAMONDS, 2016

Locality: Anjohibe Cave, northwest Madagascar.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Pleistocene Epoch, Upper Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

UAP-03.791: Nearly complete skull, and fragmentary skeleton.

 

 


= Crocodylus cf. niloticus RAUHE, FREY, PEMBERTON & ROSSMANN, 1999

Locality: Emirate of Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.

Horizon: Bayunah Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Miocene Epoch, Lower Neogene Period, Upper Tertiary Subera, Middle Cenozoic Era.

Material:

AUH 616: Fragment of an edentulous left dentary.

 

STORRS, 2003

Locality: Lothagam, Kenya.

Horizon: Lower Nawata Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Miocene Epoch, Lower Neogene Period, Upper Tertiary Subera, Middle Cenozoic Era,- Pliocene Epoch, Boundary Upper Neogene Period, Lower Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

KNM-LT 23108: Skull

 

Locality: Lothagam, Kenya.

Horizon: Upper Nawata Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Miocene Epoch, Lower Neogene Period, Upper Tertiary Subera, Middle Cenozoic Era,- Pliocene Epoch, Boundary Upper Neogene Period, Lower Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

KNM-LT 24027: Cranial fragments.

KNM-LT 24020: Right mandible fragment.

KNM-LT 26618: Skull.

 

Locality: Lothagam, Kenya.

Horizon: Apak member.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Miocene Epoch, Lower Neogene Period, Upper Tertiary Subera, Middle Cenozoic Era,- Pliocene Epoch, Boundary Upper Neogene Period, Lower Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

KNM-LT 24146: Right mandible.

 

SWINTON, 1926

Locality: Kaiso, Uganda, Central Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Pliocene Epoch, Upper Neogene Period, Lower Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

Number: Not given: Lower jaw material, teeth and scutes.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Species: porosus SCHNEIDER, 1801 (Living)
Etymology: Greek, porosis, "callosity" and Latin, + osus, "full of’"; referring to the rugouse and bumpy upper surface of the snout in large adult animals.
(Australian Saltwater Crocodile, Estuarine Crocodile, 'Saltie', Indo-Pacific Crocodile (not generally accepted), Singapore small grain (probably due to resemblance to C. siamensis), Baya, Buaja, Buaya maura, Gator (regional Australian name, not to be confused with A. mississippiensis), Gatta Kimbula, Gorekeya, Kone huala, Jara Kaenumken, Pita Gatteya, Pukpuk (Aboriginal name), Rawing crocodile, Semmukhan Muthlelei, Sea-going crocodile, Subwater crocodile, Man-eating crocodile)

Lectotype: ZMB 278

Locality: West coast of India to Ceylon, Bangladesh, the southern Malay peninsula, Indonesia, the Philippines, the Palau islands, New Guinea, northern Australia, the Solomon’s, the New Hebrides, and Fiji.

= Oopholis porosus (SCHNEIDER, 1891)
= Crocodilus natans MEYER, 1795
Etymology:
= Crocodilus oopholis SCHNEIDER, 1801
Etymology:
= Crocodilus biporcatus CUVIER, 1807
Etymology:
= Crocodilus biporactus raninus SCHLEGEL & MULLER, 1844
Etymology:
= Crocodilus pondicherianus GUNTHER, 1864
Etymology:
= Oopholis pondicherianus (GUNTHER, 1864)
Etymology:
= Champse porosa WAGNER, 1933
Etymology:

Referred material:

LEES, 1996/De VIS, 1886

Locality: Unknown, Australia.

Horizon: Unknown.

Biostratigraphy:

Age:

Material:

QM F1150 :

 


LYDEKKER, 1888

Locality: Clifton Plains, Darling Downs, Queensland State, Australia.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Pleistocene Epoch, Upper Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

BMNH 43047: Fragmentary right maxilla with the first 5 teeth.

BMNH 43047a: Right premaxilla and anterior portion of right dentary.

 

Locality: Queensland State, Australia.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Pleistocene Epoch, Upper Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

BMNH 43213: 2 fragmentary teeth.

BMNH 43221: 4 caudal vertebrae.

 


Locality: Gowrie, Queensland State, Australia.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Pleistocene Epoch, Upper Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

BMNH 43343: Crown of a tooth.

 


Locality: Condamine River, Queensland State, Australia.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Pleistocene Epoch, Upper Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

BMNH 36079: Fragmentary dermal scutes.

 

= Crocodilus nathani LONGMAN, 1924
Etymology:

Holotype: QM F1512

Locality: Tara Creek, a tributary of the Clarke River, by Maryvale Creek, North Queensland State, Australia.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Probably Pliocene Epoch, Upper Neogene Period, Lower Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material: Anterior fragment of a left dentary, with part of the symphysis, contains the alveoli of six teeth.

Referred material:

QM F1513: Anterior part of a left dentary, with portion of the symphysis.

Reg. No. F: Central portion of a left dentary.

QM F1514: Portion of the frontal.

 

De VIS, 1907

Locality: Floraville Crossing, Leichhardt River, Queensland State, Australia.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age:

Material:

Number: Not given: A fragment of a large dentary.

 

= Crocodilus porosus porosus WERMUTH, 1960 non MERTNES, 1960

Locality: Ceylon, Sri Lanka.

Referred material:

Locality: Lansdowne, Queensland State, Australia.

Horizon: Unknown.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Pliocene Epoch, Upper Neogene Period, Lower Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

QM F1752: Snout.

 


Locality: Armour Station, near Macalister, Queensland State, Australia.

Horizon: Allingham Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Pliocene Epoch, Upper Neogene Period, Lower Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

QM F11611: Partial dentary.

 


Locality: Condamine River, near Warra, Queensland State, Australia.

Horizon: Unnamed fluviatile deposit.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Pliocene Epoch, Upper Neogene Period, Lower Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

QM F11626: Premaxilla.

 


Locality: Bluff Downs Station, near Charters Towers, Queensland State, Australia.

Horizon: Allingham Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Pliocene Epoch, Upper Neogene Period, Lower Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

QM F11623: Incomplete dentary.

 

MOLNAR, 1979


Locality: Bluff Downs, Northern Queensland State, Australia.

Horizon: Allingham Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Pliocene Epoch, Upper Neogene Period, Lower Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

QM F.9229: Right premaxilla, incomplete left premaxilla, and the anterior 2/3 of the right maxilla.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Subspecies: porosus porosus MERTENS, 1960 (Living)
Etymology: Greek, porosis, "callosity" and Latin, + osus, "full of.’"
= Crocodilus porosus minikanna DERANIYAGALA, 1955

Paratype: ZMB 37724

Locality: Bologoda, Ceylon, Sri Lanka.
_____________________________________________________________________________________

Subspecies: porosus biporcatus MERTENS, 1960 (Living)
Etymology:

Locality: Indo-Australian Costs.
_____________________________________________________________________________________

Species: siamensis SCHNEIDER, 1801 (Living)
Etymology: Siam (ie. Siamese), and Latin, ensis, "belonging to"; belonging to Siam.
(Siamese crocodile, Siamese freshwater crocodile, Singapore small-grain, Cocodrilo de Siam, Crocodile du Siam, Buaja, Buaya kodok, Jara Kaenumchued, Soft-belly)

Locality: Siam, the northern part of the Malay peninsula, Java. Borneo, and Cambodia.

= Bombifrons siamensis (SCHNEIDER, 1801)
= Champse siamensis (SCHNEIDER, 1801)
= Crocodilus vulgaris CUVIER, 1807 (partim)
= Crocodilus galeatus CUVIER, 1807
Etymology:

Referred material:

DELFINO & DE VOS, 2010

Locality: Trinil, Java, Greater Sunda Island, Indonesia.

Horizon: Pithecanthropus Beds.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Pleistocene Epoch, Upper Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

CD 10 (partim): 5 teeth.

CD 11: Skull.

CD 16: Dentary.

CD 17: Mandible.

CD 18: Dentary.

CD 19: Dentary.

CD 27: Dentary.

CD 28: Maxilla.

CD 53: Angular.

CD 74: Premaxilla.

CD 1477 (partim): 33 teeth.

CD 2005: Tooth.

CD 2184 (partim): 57 teeth.

CD 2707: 22 teeth.

CD 2714: Mandible.

CD 10111a: Dentary.

CD 10544: Mandible.

CD 1617b (partim): Pterygoid and ectopterygoid.

MB R 1958: MAndible.

MB R 1959: Skull.

MB R unnumbered: 10 teeth, 1 premaxilla, 1 mandibular fragment, 1 osteoderm.

 

Locality: Bogo, Java, Greater Sunda Island, Indonesia.

Horizon: Pithecanthropus Beds.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Pleistocene Epoch, Upper Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

CD 45: Skull.

CD 47: Skull.

CD 49: Skull.

CD 50: Premaxilla.

 

Locality: Jeruk, Java, Greater Sunda Island, Indonesia.

Horizon: Pithecanthropus Beds.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Pleistocene Epoch, Upper Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

CD 6975: Tooth.

 

 

Locality: Kali Gedeh, Java, Greater Sunda Island, Indonesia.

Horizon: Pithecanthropus Beds.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Pleistocene Epoch, Upper Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

CD 33 (partim): 3 teeth.

CD 88 (partim): 2 teeth.

 

Locality: Kedung Brubus, Java, Greater Sunda Island, Indonesia.

Horizon: Pithecanthropus Beds.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Pleistocene Epoch, Upper Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

CD 12: Skull.

CD 21: Angular.

CD 46: Maxilla.

CD 48: Maxilla.

CD 2716 (partim): 10 teeth.

CD 9940a: Osteoderm.

 

Locality: Kebon Duren, Java, Greater Sunda Island, Indonesia.

Horizon: Pithecanthropus Beds.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Pleistocene Epoch, Upper Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

CD 42: Maxilla.

CD 12942: Tooth.

 

Locality: North of Jetis, Java, Greater Sunda Island, Indonesia.

Horizon: Pithecanthropus Beds.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Pleistocene Epoch, Upper Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

RGM 27846c, 27871b: Teeth.

 

Locality: North of Mojokerto, Java, Greater Sunda Island, Indonesia.

Horizon: Pithecanthropus Beds.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Pleistocene Epoch, Upper Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

RGM 27812: Skull.

 

Locality: Padas Malang, Java, Greater Sunda Island, Indonesia.

Horizon: Pithecanthropus Beds.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Pleistocene Epoch, Upper Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

CD 29: Premaxilla.

 

Locality: Teguan, Java, Greater Sunda Island, Indonesia.

Horizon: Pithecanthropus Beds.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Pleistocene Epoch, Upper Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

CD 12: Skull.

CD 24: Skull and mandible.

CD 27a (partim): 6 dentaries.

CD 2706: Skull.

 

Locality: Jetis/Perning, Java, Greater Sunda Island, Indonesia.

Horizon: Pithecanthropus Beds.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Pleistocene Epoch, Upper Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

RGM 2873o, 27864: 2 teeth.

 

Locality: Java, Greater Sunda Island, Indonesia.

Horizon: Pithecanthropus Beds.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Pleistocene Epoch, Upper Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

CD 20: Skull.

CD 36: Tooth.

CD 43:Maxilla.

CD 44: Skull.

CD 51: Skull.

CD 55: Angular.

CD 2710: 4 teeth.

CD 8132: Mandible.

CD 9945c: Osteoderm.

CD 10318a: Osteodeerm.

CD 01342c: 3 osteoderms.

CD 12945: Skull.

CD 12946:Skull.

CD 12948: Jugal.

CD 12950: Angular.

CD 12951: Dentary.

CD 12952: Premaxilla.

CD 1614 (partim): Dentary.

 

= Crocodilus ossifragus JANENSCH, 1911
Etymology:

Holotype:

Locality: Pithecanthropus Beds of Java, Greater Sunda Island, Indonesia.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age:

Material: Skull, incomplete lower jaw and a vertebra.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Species: acutus CUVIER, 1807 (Living)
Etymology: Latin, acutus, "sharp or pointed"; in reference to the shape of it’s snout.
(American crocodile, Cocodrilo americano, Crocodile d'Amérique, Caimán de Aguja, Central American alligator, Cocodrilo de Rio, Crocodile à museau pointu, Lagarto Amarillo, Lagarto Real, Llaman Caimán, South American alligator, American saltwater crocodile)

Locality: Southern Florida through Central American and along the northern perimeter of South American down to north-west Ecuador and northern Peru, with a probable center of distribution in the West Indies where it still occurs on Cuba, Jamaica and Hispaniola.

It was present in Cumana (Venezuela) in the mid-19th century but has now been exterminated in this region and is becoming scarce elsewhere.

= Crocodylus americanus LAURENTI, 1768
Etymology: In reference to the United States of America.
= Crocodilus americanus (LAURENTI, 1768)
= Crocodilus biscutatus CUVIER, 1807
Etymology:
= Molinia americana GRAY, 1862
= Alligator lacordairei PREUDHOMME de BOORE, 1869
Etymology:
= Crocodilus pacificus DUMERIL & BOCOURT, 1870
Etymology:
= Crocodilus lewyanus DUMERIL & BOCOURT, 1870
Etymology:
= Crocodilus mexicanus DUMERIL & BOCOURT, 1870
Etymology: In reference to Mexico, where the specimen was found.
= Crocodilus flordianus HORNADY, 1875
Etymology: In reference to Florida, state of origin.
= Crocodilus americanus var acutus GUNTHER, 1885
Etymology:
= Champse acuta WERNER, 1933
Etymology:
= Crocodylus acutus acutus MULLER & HELLMLICH, 1943
Etymology:
= Crocodylus acutus lewyanus MULLER & HELLMICH, 1943
Etymology:

Referred material:

= Crocodylus cf. C. acutus CARBOT-CHANONA, 2008

Locality: Puente Ixcan, Chiapas State, Mexico.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Miocene Epoch, Lower Neogene Period, Upper Tertiary Subera, Middle Cenozoic Era.

Material:

Number: Not given: Isolated teeth and 2 dorsal vertebrae.

_____________________________________________________________________________________
Species: rhombifer CUVIER, 1807 (Living)
Etymology: Referring to the shape of the flank scales?
(Broad-nosed American Crocodile, Cuban crocodile, Pearly crocodile, Cocodrilo de Cuba, Crocodile de Cuba, Caimán Zaquendo, Cocodrillo, Criollo, Cocodrilo Legitimo, Cocodrilo Perla, Crocodile Rhombifère)

Locality: Cuba and the Isle of Pines.

= Palinia rhombifer (CUVIER, 1807)
= Champsa rhombifer (CUVIER, 1807)
= Crocodilus planirostris GRAVES, 1819
Etymology:
= Champse planirostris (GRAVES, 1819)
= Crocodilus gravesi BORY de ST. VINCENT, 1842
Etymology:

Referred material:

FRANZ, MORGAN, FRANZ, ALBURY & KAKUK, 2005

Locality: A large water-filled cavern at Sawmill Sink, Abaco, Bahama.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age:

Material:

Number: Not given: Skulls.

 

MOOK, 1921

Locality: Cuba.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Pleistocene Epoch, Upper Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

Number: Not given:

 

MORGAN, ALBURY, RIMOLI, LEHMAN, ROSENBERGER, & COOKE, 2018

Locality: Oleg's Bat Cave, near Bavaro, southeastern Dominican Republic.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Pleistocene Epoch, Upper Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

MHD 572: A nearly complete skull lacking only the left premaxilla, right nasal, and the ectopterygoids and palintines.

MHD 573: A partial skull consisting of the right and left maxillae, right lacrimal, frontals, squamosals, quadrates, adn occipitial region.

MHD 574: Complete skull and mandibles.

MHD 575: Right adn left dentaries.

MHD 575: Right adn left premaxillae adn right adn left mandibles of a small individual.

MHD 577: Left maxilla and left surangular.

MHD 579, 580: Partial braincases.

MHD 574, 575, 576, 587: Humerii.

MHD 575, 576, 593: radii.

MHD 572, 576, 594: Ulnae.

MHD 572, 574, 576, 583: Femora.

MHD 572, 574, 576, 584: Tibii.

MHD 572, 576, 582, 586: Fibulae.

MHD 575: Ilia.

 

Locality: Ni-Rahu, near Bavaro, southeastern Dominican Republic.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Pleistocene Epoch, Upper Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

MHD 414: A nearly complete skull and articulated mandibles adn two associated vertebrae.


_____________________________________________________________________________________
Species: intermedius GRAVES, 1819 (Living)
Etymology: Latin, intermedius, "intermediate"; referring to the shape of the snout which is in between the V-shape of most Crocodilus species to the parallel-sided snout of Gavialis.
(Orinoco crocodile, Cocodrilo del Orinoco, Crocodile de l'Orénoque, Colombian crocodile, Venezuelan delta crocodile, Caimán del Orinoco, Caimán del Llanos)

Locality: River Orinoco and its affuents (e.g. the Apure), Venezuela, South America.

= Crocodilus journei BOREY de ST. VINCENT, 1844 (partim)
Etymology:
= Mecistops journei (BOREY de ST. VINCENT, 1844) (partim)
= Mecistops bathyrhynchus COPE, 1861
Etymology: Greek, bathys, "deep" and Greek, rhynchus, “beak, snout.”
= Molinia intermedia GRAY, 1862
Etymology: Latin, intermedius, "intermediate."
= Champse intermedia (GRAY, 1862)

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Species: palustris LESSON, 1831 (Living)
Etymology: Latin, palustris, "marshy or swampy"; referring to the extensive habitat where it lives, the common name is “Marsh crocodile’, and ‘Mugger’ is a corruption of the Hindi word for ‘water monster’, magar.
(Mugger, Muggar, Marsh crocodile, Cocodrilo marismeño, Crocodile des marais, Crocodile paludéen, Crocodile palustre, Indian swamp crocodile, Makar, Äle Kimbula, Bhakuna, Broad-snouted crocodile, Dhakor Muhma, Gohi, Gomua, Häle Kimbula)

Locality: Sind and Baluchistan through India to Assam and South to Ceylon.

= Champse palustris (LESSON, 1831)
= Crocodilus vulgaris indicus GRAY, 1831
Etymology:
= Crocodilus vulgaris DUMERIL & BIBRON, 1836 (partim)
Etymology:
= Crocodilus bombifrons GRAY, 1844
Etymology: Greek, bombos, “buzzing” and Latin, frons, “leaf or frond.”
= Crocodilus trigonops GRAY, 1844
Etymology:
= Bombifrons trigonops (GRAY, 1844)
= Bombifrons indicus GRAY, 1844
Etymology: In reference to India, country of origin.

Referred material:

LYDEKKER, 1888

Locality: Narbada Valley, India.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Pleistocene Epoch, Upper Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

BMNH R1038: Teeth.

 

MULLER, 1923

Locality: Siwalik beds, India.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Miocene Epoch, Lower Neogene Period, Upper Tertiary Subera, Middle Cenozoic Era.

Material:

Number: Not given:

 


PATNAIK & SCHLEICH, 1993

Locality: Moginand, Himachal Pradesh State, India.

Horizon: Upper Siwalik.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Pliocene Epoch, Upper Neogene Period, Lower Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

VPL./RP-R 11: Fragmentary mandible.

VPL/RP-12-20: 9 isolated teeth.

VPL/RP-R21-24: 4 partly broken vertebrae.

VPL/RP-R 25-28: 1 complete and 3 partly broken ostoscutes.

 

TRIVEDY, 1966

Locality: Siwalik beds, India.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Miocene Epoch, Lower Neogene Period, Upper Tertiary Subera, Middle Cenozoic Era.

Material:

Number: Not given:


_____________________________________________________________________________________

Subspecies: palustris palustris LESSON, 1831 (Living)
Etymology: Latin, palustris, "marshy or swampy"; referring to the extensive habitat where it lives, the common name is “Marsh crocodile’, and ‘Mugger’ is a corruption of the Hindi word for ‘water monster’, magar.

Locality: Ceylon, Sri Lanka.

= Crocodilus palustris palustris DERANIYAGALA, 1936
= Champse palustris palustris (DERANIYAGALA, 1936)

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Subspecies: palustris brevirostris WERNER, 1933 (Living)
Etymology: Latin, brevis, "short" and Latin, rostris, "snout."

Locality: Ceylon, Sri Lanka.

= Crocodilus palustris kimbula DERANIYAGALA, 1926
Etymology:
= Champse palustris kimbula (DERANIYAGALA, 1926)
(Sri Lanka crocodile)
_____________________________________________________________________________________

Species: moreletii DUMERIL & DUMERIL, 1851 (Living)
Etymology: In honor of the French naturalist P. M. A. Morelet (1809-1892) who discovered the species in Mexico (1850).
(Morelet's crocodile, Cocodrilo de Morelet, Crocodile de Morelet, Central American crocodile, Mexican crocodile, Soft belly, Belize crocodile/alligator, Cocodrilo de Pantano, Lagarto de El Petén, Lagarto negro, Lagarto Pantanero, Lagarto Panza)

Locality: Southern Mexico, Tampico southwards and east coast of central America, British Honduras, Guatemala.

= Palinia moreletii (DUMERIL & DUMERIL, 1851)
= Champse moreletii (DUMERIL & DUMERIL, 1851)
= Crocodilus americanus var moreletii GUNTHER, 1885
= Crocodilus mexicanus BOCOURT, 1869
Etymology: In reference to Mexico, country of origin.
= Crocodilus moreletii baranumborwni MOOK, 1959 (nomen dubium)
Etymology:

Holotype: AMNH 7471

Locality: "Treasure Island", Guatemala.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Pleistocene, probably Middle Pleistocene, Upper Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material: A nearly complete left maxillary.

Referred material:

= Crocodilus cf. moreleti MILLER, 1980

Locality: Las Tunas Wash, Baja California State, Mexico.

Horizon: Blancan.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Pliocene Epoch, Upper Neogene Period, Lower Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

IGM 5595 (formerly IGCU 2193): Anterior portion of left dentary.

IGM 5594 (formerly IGCU 2192), IGM 5596 (formerly IGCU 2492): Jaw fragments.

IGM 5597 (formerly IGCU 2194): Tooth.

IGM 5598 (formerly IGCU 2099): Teeth.

IGM 5599 (formerly IGCU 2186), IGM 5600 (formerly IGCU 2187), IGM 5601 (formerly IGCU 2503): Scutes.

IGM 5602 (formerly IGCU 2185): Vertebra.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Species: sivalicus OWEN, 1854
Etymology:

Holotype: ROYAL COLLAGE OF SURGEONS 14

Locality: Sub-Himalayan Mountain Range, India.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Tertiary Subera, Middle Cenozoic Era.

Material: Fragment of a dentary.

Referred material:

ROYAL COLLAGE OF SURGEONS 15: A large dermal scute.

ROYAL COLLAGE OF SURGEONS 16: A dermal scute.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Species: palaeindicus FALCONER, 1859
Etymology:

Holotype:

Locality: Siwalik of Perim Island, Gulf of Cambay, India.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Pliocene Epoch, Upper Neogene Period, Lower Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material: Skull.

Referred material:

LYDEKKER, 1888

BMNH R743: Anterior portion of skull and mandible.

BMNH R744: Anterior portion of skull.

BMNH R745: Fragmentary right maxilla.

BMNH R746: Fragmentary dorsal vertebra.

BMNH R222: Fragmentary vertebra.

BMNH R1059: Fragmentary dorsal vertebra.

 

= ?Crocodylus palaeindicus HEAD, 1997

Number: Not given.

Locality: Pakistan.

Horizon: Siwalik Dhok Pathan Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Miocene Epoch, Lower Neogene Period, Upper Tertiary Subera, Middle Cenozoic Era.

Material: Fragmentary skull.

 

 

IIJIMA, TAKAI, NISHIOKA, ZIN-HAUNG-MAUNG-THEIN, EGI, KUSHUHASHI, TSUBAMOTO, KONO & HIRAYAMA, 2020 (published 2021)

Localities: Gwebin, and Than-bin-gyaung, Tebingan Area, Myanmar.

Horizon: Upper Irrawaddy Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Lower Upper Pliocene Epoch, Upper Neogene Period, Lower Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

NMMP-KU-IR-1917: Skull.

NMMP-KU-IR-1553: Left posterior mandible.


= Crocodilus sivalensis LYDEKKER, 1886
Etymology:
= Crocodilus bombifrons FALCONER 1868
Etymology: Greek, bombos, “buzzing” and Latin, frons, “leaf or frond.”

Holotype:

Locality: Siwalik Hills, Punjab State, India.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Pliocene Epoch, Upper Neogene Period, Lower Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

Referred material:

LYDEKKER, 1888

Locality: Siwalik Hills, Punjab State, India.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Pliocene Epoch, Upper Neogene Period, Lower Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

BMNH 39795, 39797, 39798: Skulls.

BMNH 39799, R325: Posterior portion of skulls.

BMNH 39796: Anterior portion of skull and mandible.

BMNH 39800, 39801, R1039, R678, R769: Anterior portion of skulls.

BMNH 40823: Skull of a juvenile skull.

BMNH R767: Right maxilla.

BMNH R767a: Fragmentary left maxilla.

BMNH R767b: Fragmentary right premaxilla.

BMNH R770: Left quadrate, quadratojugal, articular of mandible.

BMNH R767c: Articular of left ramus with condyle of the quadrate.

BMNH R771: Anterior part of left ramus.

BMNH R773: Posterior part of left ramus.

BMNH R767d: Anterior part of right ramus of a juvenile.

BMNH R767e, R615: Teeth.

BMNH R767f: 2 teeth.

BMNH 16668, 16668b, 16668c: Fragmentary cervical vertebrae.

BMNH R1054, 16668a: Cervical vertebrae.

BMNH 16668d: 3 cervical vertebrae.

BMNH 16668e: 2 dorsal vertebrae.

BMNH R1055: 2 dorsal vertebrae.

BMNH 16668f, 16668g, 16668h, R777, R777a, R325: Dorsal vertebrae.

BMNH 16668i: Sacral vertebra.

BMNH 16668j: Fragmentary sacral vertebra.

BMNH 16668k, R782, R778, R779: Fragmentary sacral vertebrae.

BMNH R780, R325a, R325b: Caudal centra.

BMNH 16668m: Fragmentary caudal.

BMNH 16668l: Caudal vertebra.

BMNH R765: Fragmentary caudal vertebra.

BMNH 16606, 38802, R781, 17066: Dermal scutes.

BMNH 39817: 3 dermal scute.

BMNH R1056: Fragmentary dermal scute.

BMNH R788: Distal end of left femur.

BMNH 16588: Distal portion of right femur.

BMNH R1057: Distal portion of left femur of a juvenile.

BMNH R1058: Part of pes and caudal vertebrae of a juvenile.

 

MOOK, 1933

Locality: 15 miles east of Chandigarh, Punjab State, India.

Horizon: Upper Siwalik Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Miocene Epoch, Lower Neogene Period, Upper Tertiary Subera, Middle Cenozoic Era,- Pliocene Epoch, Upper Neogene Period, Lower Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

AMNH 1915: Skull and lower jaw.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Species: rouxii NOULET, 1859
Etymology:

Holotype:

Locality: Bessons and Sagens.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Eocene Epoch, Paleogene Period, Lower Tertiary Subera, Lower Cenozoic Era.

Material: Teeth, vertebrae and dermal plates.

Referred material:

ASTRE, 1931

Locality: Issel, south Pyreneens, Aude Department, France.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Eocene Epoch, Paleogene Period, Lower Tertiary Subera, Lower Cenozoic Era.

Material:

Number: Not given: Teeth and fragmentary vertebra.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Species: elliottii LEIDY, 1870
Etymology:

Holotype: USNM 919

Locality: Junction of Big Sandy and Green Rivers, Sweetwater County, Wyoming.

Horizon: Bridger Beds.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Eocene Epoch, Paleogene Period, Lower Tertiary Subera, Lower Cenozoic Era.

Material: Left maxillary fragment, with 2 teeth and fragments of 2 others.

Referred material:

MERRILL, 1907

Locality: Little Sandy River, Wyoming.

Horizon: Bridger Beds.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Eocene Epoch, Paleogene Period, Lower Tertiary Subera, Lower Cenozoic Era.

Material:

USNM 92: Proximal end of a right femur.

USNM 141: Large portion of upper part of skull.

USNM 142: Fragment of skull.

USNM 925: First lumbar vertebrae.

 

= Crocodilus (?) elliotti MERRILL, 1907

Locality: Gallinas Creek, New Mexico.

Horizon: Bridger Beds.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Eocene Epoch, Paleogene Period, Lower Tertiary Subera, Lower Cenozoic Era.

Material:

USNM 2594: Frontal and part of mandible with teeth.

USNM 2595: Fragments of jaw with teeth and various pieces of the skeleton.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Species: calvis COPE, 1871
Etymology:

Holotype: USNM 4048

Locality: Mammouth Buttes, South Bitter Creek, Wyoming.

Horizon: Bridger beds.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Eocene Epoch, Paleogene Period, Lower Tertiary Subera, Lower Cenozoic Era.

Material: Parts of right maxillary and premaxillary bones, pat of the mandibular ramus with teeth, cervical and dorsal vertebrae.

Referred material:

COPE, 1884

Number: Not given: Incomplete skull and lower jaw.

 

GILMORE 1941

Locality: Bridger Basin, Wyoming.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Eocene Epoch, Paleogene Period, Lower Tertiary Subera, Lower Cenozoic Era.

Material:

USNM 12719: Skull and skeleton.

 

MOOK, 1933

Locality: Wyoming.

Horizon: Bridger beds.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Eocene Epoch, Paleogene Period, Lower Tertiary Subera, Lower Cenozoic Era.

Material:

USNM 4053: Skull missing some of the posterior portion.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Species: subulatus COPE, 1871
Etymology:
= Crocodilus (Ichthyosuchus) subulatus COPE, 1873
= Diplocynodus subulatus MEEK, 1873

Holotype: USNM 4113

Locality: Upper Green River, Wyoming.

Horizon: Bridger beds.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Eocene Epoch, Paleogene Period, Lower Tertiary Subera, Lower Cenozoic Era.

Material: Premaxillary fragment, vertebrae, teeth, the articular region of a right mandibular ramus, etc.
_____________________________________________________________________________________

Species: johnsoni KREFFT, 1873 (Living) (miss-spelt in honor of Johnstoni)
Etymology: In honor of the first European (Johnston) to discover and report it to Krefft Krefft miss-spelled his name as johnsoni in his initial description but later corrected it. According to the ICZN the original published name is johnsoni and has not been petitioned to correct the miss-spelling. Regardless the vast majority of technical and non-technical publications use johnstoni as Krefft intended. Which is unlike a similar error that occurred with the American Alligator, Alligator mississippiensis but that was later appealed and later corrected.
(Johnston's crocodile, Australian freshwater crocodile, "Freshie", Fish crocodile, Johnston's river crocodile)

Locality: Northern Territory State and north Queensland State, Australia.

= Philas johnstoni (KREFFT, 1873)
= Crocodilus johnstoni (KREFFT, 1873)
= Champse johnstoni (KREFFT, 1873)
= Tomiston krefftii GRAY, 1873
Etymology:

Referred material:

Locality: "Terrace Site", the source locality, is a perched and dissected river terrace deposit 5 km downstream from the crossing of the Gregory River and the Lawn Hill Road, Along the west bank of the Gregory River, Riversleigh Station, Northwestern Queensland State, Australia.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Pleistocene Epoch, Upper Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

QM F13115: Left dentary.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Species: solaris MARSH, 1877
Etymology:

Holotype:

Locality: Nebraska.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Miocene Epoch, Lower Neogene Period, Upper Tertiary Subera, Middle Cenozoic Era,- Pliocene Epoch, Upper Neogene Period, Lower Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material: Unspecified remains.
_____________________________________________________________________________________

Species: parvus OSBORN, SCOOT & SPIER, 1878
Etymology: Latin, parvus, "small, little."

Holotype:

Locality: Wyoming.

Horizon: Bridger beds.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Middle Eocene Epoch, Paleogene Period, Lower Tertiary Subera, Lower Cenozoic Era.

Material: 16 vertebrae and a portion of the pelvis.
_____________________________________________________________________________________

Species: bambolii RISTORI, 1890
Etymology:

Holotype: IGF 11763

Locality: Monte Bamboli, Southern Tuscany, Italy.

Horizon: Oreopithecus localities.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Miocene Epoch, Lower Neogene Period, Upper Tertiary Subera, Middle Cenozoic Era.

Material: Imperfect skull and jaw material, post cranial fragments and scutes of more than one individual.

Referred material:

IGF 11764, MAFS 2061: Fragmentary humeri.

IGF 11765: Posterior region of a right maxilla, with partally preserved ectopterygoid and jugal.

MAFS 2073: Fragmentary right lower jaw.

MAFS 2075: Fragmentary lower jaw preserving anterior part of dentary and splenial.

MAFS 2076: Left fragmentary dentary and the previous one could belong to the same individual.

MAFS 2079: Fragmentary right anterolateral region of skull.

MAFS 2083: Ventral surface of premaxillae and anterior region of maxilla.

MAFS 2071, 2091, 2067: Vertebrae.

IGF 1003 V: Fragmentary caudal vertebrae.

MAFS 2078, 2087, IFG 1968V, IGF 4119V: Osteoderms.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Species: megarhinus ANDREWS, 1905
Etymology: Greek, megas, "great, large" and Greek, rhinus, "snout."

Holotype: BMNH R3327

Locality: Beds of the Fayum, Egypt, North Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Eocene Epoch, Paleogene Period, Lower Tertiary Subera, Lower Cenozoic Era.
Material: Skull.

Referred material:

MOOK, 1927

Locality: Near Birket el Qurun, Fayum, Egypt, North Africa,

Horizon: Fluviomarine Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Eocene Epoch, Paleogene Period, Lower Tertiary Subera, Lower Cenozoic Era.

Material:

AMNH 5061: Skull.

 

MULLER, 1927

Locality: Egypt, North Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Lower Oligocene Epoch, Upper Paleogene Period, Upper Tertiary Subera, Middle Cenozoic.

Material:

Number: Not given: Skull.

= Crocodilus articps ANDREWS, 1905
Etymology:

Holotype:

Locality: Beds of the Fayum, Egypt, North Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Eocene Epoch, Paleogene Period, Lower Tertiary Subera, Lower Cenozoic Era.

Material: Skull lacking posterior region.

Referred material:

Number: Not given: Anterior portion of a snout, a nearly complete mandible, a mandibular symphysis, and the anterior extremity of a left mandibular ramus.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Species: bugtiensis PILGRIM, 1908
Etymology: In reference to Bugti Hills, Baluchistan, Pakistan.

Holotype:

Locality: Bugti Hills, Baluchistan, Pakistan.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Early Miocene Epoch, Lower Neogene Period, Upper Tertiary Subera, Middle Cenozoic Era.

Material: Incomplete skull and lower jaw.

Referred material:

WELCOMME, ANTOINE, DURANTHON, MEIN & GINSBURG, 1997

Locality: 0.60 m of conglomerate, Bugti Hills, Baluchistan, Pakistan.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Early Miocene Epoch, Lower Neogene Period, Upper Tertiary Subera, Middle Cenozoic Era.

Material:

Number: Not given:

 

Locality: 2 m of conglomerate, Bugti Hills, Baluchistan, Pakistan.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Early Miocene Epoch, Lower Neogene Period, Upper Tertiary Subera, Middle Cenozoic Era.

Material:

Number: Not given:

 

Locality: 10 m of cream color sand, Bugti Hills, Baluchistan, Pakistan.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Early Miocene Epoch, Lower Neogene Period, Upper Tertiary Subera, Middle Cenozoic Era.

Material:

Number: Not given:

 

Locality: 3-5 m of consolidated sand, Bugti Hills, Baluchistan, Pakistan.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Early Miocene Epoch, Lower Neogene Period, Upper Tertiary Subera, Middle Cenozoic Era.

Material:

Number: Not given:

 

Locality: 2 m of more or less consolidated sand, Bugti Hills, Baluchistan, Pakistan.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Early Miocene Epoch, Lower Neogene Period, Upper Tertiary Subera, Middle Cenozoic Era.

Material:

Number: Not given:

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Species: novae-quineae SCHMIDT, 1928 (Living)
Etymology: In reference to New Guinea.
= Champse novae-quineae (SCHMIDT, 1928)
(New Guinea Crocodile, New Guinea freshwater crocodile, Singapore large grain, Buaya air tawar, Puk Puk, Wahne huala)


Subspecies: novae-quineae novae-quineae SCHMIDT, 1929 (Living)
= Crocodylus novaequinae LOVERIDGE, 1948
Etymology:

Locality: New Guinea.
_____________________________________________________________________________________
Species: mindorensis SCHMIDT, 1935
Etymology: In reference to Mindoro, Luzon, Mindanao.
= Champse mindorensis (SCHMIDT, 1935)
= Crocodylus novae-guineae SCHMIDT, 1935 (Living)
Etymology:

Locality: Philippines (Mindoro, Luzon, Mindanao) and Sulu Archipelago.
_____________________________________________________________________________________

Species: checchiai MACCAGNO, 1947
Etymology:

Holotype:

Locality: Sirtica, Sahaba, Sudan.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Miocene Epoch, Lower Neogene Period, Upper Tertiary Subera, Middle Cenozoic Era, or Pliocene Epoch, Upper Neogene Period, Lower Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material: Imperfect skull.

Referred material:

DELFINO, IURINO, BERCUIRO, PIRAS, ROOK & SARDELLA, 2020

Locality: As Sahabi, Maccagno, Libya.

Horizon:

Biostatigraphy:

Age: Messinian Stage, Late Miocene Epoch, Late Middle Neogene Period, Late Tertiary Subera, Late Cenozoic era.

Material:

Cranium sn813/lj (ex MPURLS): Skull.

 

= Crocodilus checchiai var depressa MACCAGNO, 1952
Etymology:

Holotype:

Locality: Sirtica, Sahaba, Sudan.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Miocene Epoch, Lower Neogene Period, Upper Tertiary Subera, Middle Cenozoic Era, or Pliocene Epoch, Upper Neogene Period, Lower Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material: Skull.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Species: antellensis VARONA, 1966
Etymology:

Holotype:

Locality: Cuba.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Pleistocene Epoch, Upper Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material: Basioccipital and part of the basisphenoid, jugal, maxillary and premaxillary fragments, etc.
_____________________________________________________________________________________

Species: greenwoodi SUENJ, SINGH & CHOPRA, 1980
Etymology:

Holotype:

Locality:

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age:

Material:

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Species: gariepensis PICKFORD, 2003
Etymology: Refers to the Khoi name of the Orange River.
= Crocodylus gariepensis PICKFORD, 2003

Holotype: AD 774'99

Locality: A lateral channel of the Proto-Orange River, Arrisdrift, Namibia.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Basal Middle Miocene Epoch, Lower Neogene Period, Upper Tertiary Subera, Middle Cenozoic Era.

Material: Partial skull lacking the left half of snout.

Referred material:

PQ AD 1856: Almost complete skull.

PQ AD 3300: Left premaxilla and maxilla broken off behind anterior part of palatine fenestra.

PQ AD 70'94: Left maxilla with three theet.

PQ AD 999: Left mandible broken off behind the 9th tooth (symphysis is in good condition).

PQ AD 1855: Anterior left mandible broken off behind 10th tooth.

PQ AD 2673: Left mandible broken off behind the 14th (last tooth).

PQ AD 115/94: Left mandible broken behind the 14th (last) Alveolus.

PQ AD 135'00: Mandibular symphysis.

PQ AD 460'00: Mandible with symphysis and many jaw fragments, isolated teeth, scutes, vertebrae and limb bones.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Species: anthropophagus BROCHU, NJAU, BLUMENSCHINE & DESMORE, 2010
Etymology: Greek, anthropos, "human" and Greek, phagos, "eater"; in reference to the evidence that this animal included hominids in its diet.

Holotype: NNHM-OLD-1001

Locality: From the surface of Middle Bed I between Tuffs 1B and 1C, Olduvai Gorge, Northern Tanzania.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Pliocene Epoch, Upper Neogene Period, Lower Quaternary Subera, -Pleistocene Epoch, Upper Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material: Partial skull and skeleton.

Referred material:

NHM R.5891: Cranial and postcranai fragments.

Note: Bed I.

NHM R.5893: Partial skull andskeleton.

Note: Bed II.

NHM R.5894: Postcranial elements.

KNM: Several specimens.

 

Locality: Crocodile Korongo (Croc K), from Bed III or IV, Olduvai Gorge, Northern Tanzania.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Pliocene Epoch, Upper Neogene Period, Lower Quaternary Subera, -Pleistocene Epoch, Upper Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

Old 62: Partial skull.

OLD 62 069/53866: Right squamosal and quadrate ramus.

 

Locality: Bell's Korongo (BKII) Channel, Olduvai Gorge, Northern Tanzania.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Pliocene Epoch, Upper Neogene Period, Lower Quaternary Subera, -Pleistocene Epoch, Upper Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

OLD 1960: Right postdentary elements of mandible.

 

Locality: Frida Leakey Korongo North I (FLKN), Upper Bed 1, Olduvai Gorge, Northern Tanzania.

Note: Fund near the type localities of Australopithecus boisei and Homo habilis.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Pliocene Epoch, Upper Neogene Period, Lower Quaternary Subera, -Pleistocene Epoch, Upper Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

Numbers not given: Cranial, mandibular and post cranial material of several different specimens.

 

Locality: Douglas Korongo, Trench 1B (DK 1B), Olduvai Gorge, Northern Tanzania.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Pliocene Epoch, Upper Neogene Period, Lower Quaternary Subera, -Pleistocene Epoch, Upper Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

OLD 54: Humerus.

OLD 62: Scapula.

 

AZZARA, BOSCHIAN, BROUCHU, DELFINO, IURINO, KIMAMBO, MANZI, MASAO, MENCONERO, NJAU & CHERIN, 2021

Locality: DK East (DKE-E0, located about 500 m east from teh main Leaky DK trenches, Olduvai Gorge, Northern Tanzania.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Pliocene Epoch, Upper Neogene Period, Lower Quaternary Subera, -Pleistocene Epoch, Upper Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

THOR16_199BS: Partial cranium.

Breakdown as follows;

THOR16_199BS1, THOR16_199BS2: Partial rostrum fragments.

THOR16_199BS3, THOR16_199BS 4, THOR16_199BS5: Nearly complete neurocranin fragments.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Species: thorbjarnarsoni BROCHU & STORRS, 2012
Etymology: In honor of Dr. John Thorbjarnarson, who untimely death in February 2010 left a legace of unmatched achievement in the biology and conservation of crocodylians worldwide.

Holotype: KNM-ER 1683 (Area 105)

Locality: Found at exposures along the northeastern shore of Lake Turkana, East Rudolf, Turkana Basin, Kenya.

Horizon: Koobi Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Pliocene Epoch, Upper Neogene Period, Lower Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.- Pleistocene Epoch, Upper Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material: Skull and lower jaw.

Referred material:

KNM-ER 1681: Partial skull.

KNM-ER 1682 (Area 102): Skull.

 

Locality: Site LO5, West Turkana, Western Turkana Basin, Kenya.

Horizon: Lower Lomekwi Memer, Nachukui Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Pliocene Epoch, Upper Neogene Period, Lower Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.- Pleistocene Epoch, Upper Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

KNM-WT 28977: Anterior portion of skull.

 

Locality: Lothagam, West Turkana, Western Turkana Basin, Kenya.

Horizon: Kaiyumung Member, Nachukui Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Pliocene Epoch, Upper Neogene Period, Lower Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.- Pleistocene Epoch, Upper Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

KNM-LT 26305: Incomplete skull.

 

Locality: Lothagam, West Turkana Basin, Kenya.

Horizon: Apak Member, Nachukui Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Pliocene Epoch, Upper Neogene Period, Lower Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.- Pleistocene Epoch, Upper Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

KNM-LT 421: Skull.

 

Locality: Kanapoi, southern Turkana Basin, Kenya.

Horizon: Kanapoi Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Pliocene Epoch, Upper Neogene Period, Lower Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.- Pleistocene Epoch, Upper Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material:

KNM-KP 18338: Skull.

KNM-KP 30604: Skull.

KNM-KP 30619: Snout.

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Species: falconensis SCHEYER, AGUILERA, DELFINO, FORTIER, CARLINI, SANCHEZ, CARRILLO-BRICENO, QUIROZ, & SANCHEZ-VILLAGRA, 2013
Etymology: In reference to Falcon State, northwestern Venezuela, in whithc the town Urumaco is situated.

Holotype: AMU-CURS-300

Locality: Locality no. 8, Norte Casa Chiguaje, Northeastern part of Urumaco, Flacon State, Northwestern Venezuela.

Horizon: Vegel Member, San Gregorio Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Early Pliocene Epoch, Boundary Upper Neogene Period, Lower Quaternary Subera, Upper Cenozoic Era.

Material: An almost complete skull with mandibles.

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Species: halli MURRAY, RUSSO, ZORRILLA & McMAHAN, 2019
Etymology: In honor of Philip Hall, for his fieldwork and research contributions provided the initial framework for supporting distinctivensis of this species.

Locality: Within drainages south of the Central Highlands of Papua New Guinea in swamps, rivers, lakes, and occasionally estuaries.