Genus: Paranthodon NOPCSA, 1929
Etymology: Greek, para, “near” and Anthodon (Greek, anthos, “flower” + Greek, odon, “tooth”): “Near-Anthodon”.
= Anthodon OWEN, 1876 (partim)
= Paracanthodon von HUENE, 1956 (sic)

Species: africanus (BROOM, 1910) COOMBS, 1971
= Palaeoscincus africanus BROOM, 1910
= Anthodon serrarius OWEN, 1876 (partim)
= Paranthodon oweni NOPCSA, 1929

Holotype: BMNH 47338 (S.A. 30)

Locality: Bushmans River near Woodbury Farm was named Iguanodonhoek, South Africa.

Horizon: Kirkwood Formation, Uitenghanbe Group.


Age: Middle Tithonian Stage, Upper Malm Epoch, Late Jurassic or early Valanginian Stage, Middle Neocomian Subepoch, Lower Early Cretaceous Epoch, Early Cretaceous.

Material: Partial skull.

Referred material:

BMNH 47558 (S. A. 31): Left mandible with teeth in matrix.

BMNH 47337 (S. A. 123): 3 vertebrae in matrix.

Leg and Hip bone, now lost.

Two ends of a large humerus, now lost.

BMNH 47338 (S.A. 31*): Matrix with fragments and impressions.

BMNH 47337a: Three vertebrae in matrix.

Number: Not given: Two ends of a large humerus.

Both destroyed in a fire at the Albany Museum at Grahamstown in 1940.


Locality: Uitenhage System on Sundays River, Uitenhage, South Africa.

Horizon: Wood-bed stage.


Age: Early Cretaceous?.


BMNH 4992 (BMNHR502): Two teeth.