Genus: Tapinocephalus OWEN, 1876
Etymology: Greek, tapenios, “low, humble”, Greek, kephale, “head”, + us: Low head.
= Tapinosaurus RABECK, 1925 (sic)
= Taurops BROOM, 1912
Etymology: Greek, tauros, “bull”, Greek, ops, “face”: Bull face.

Species: atherstonei OWEN, 1876
Etymology:
= Tapinocephalus atherstonii EFREMOV, 1940 (sic)

Holotype: BMNH R1705

Locality: Near Janwillemsfontein, Prince Albert, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Middle Abrahamskraal Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Tapinocephalus zone (Dinocephalian zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Lower Tapinocephalus zone, KITCHING, 1970, 1977, WATSON, 1914).

Age: Early Tatarian age, Guadelupian Stage, Middle Zeichstein Epoch, Middle Permian.

Material: Fragmentary skull.

Referred material:

BMNH R1706: Lumbar vertebra.

BMNH R1707: Right tibia.

BMNH R1706a: Fragmentary dorsal vertebra.

 

BOONSTRA, 1956

Locality: Granskraal, Prince Albert, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Middle Abrahamskraal Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Tapinocephalus zone (Dinocephalian zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Lower Tapinocephalus zone, KITCHING, 1970, 1977, WATSON, 1914).

Age: Early Tatarian age, Guadelupian Stage, Middle Zeichstein Epoch, Middle Permian.

Material:

AMNH 5626: Posterior half of a weathered skull.

 


Locality: Uitkyk, Beaufort West, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Middle Abrahamskraal Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Tapinocephalus zone (Dinocephalian zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Lower Tapinocephalus zone, KITCHING, 1970, 1977, WATSON, 1914).

Age: Early Tatarian age, Guadelupian Stage, Middle Zeichstein Epoch, Middle Permian.

Material:

SAM 2344: Skull and fragmentary skeleton.

 

 

Locality: Sandriver, Beaufort West, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Middle Abrahamskraal Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Tapinocephalus zone (Dinocephalian zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Lower Tapinocephalus zone, KITCHING, 1970, 1977, WATSON, 1914).

Age: Early Tatarian age, Guadelupian Stage, Middle Zeichstein Epoch, Middle Permian.

Material:

SAM 11998: Weathered piece of skull roof.

 


Locality: Uitkyk, Beaufort West, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Middle Abrahamskraal Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Tapinocephalus zone (Dinocephalian zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Lower Tapinocephalus zone, KITCHING, 1970, 1977, WATSON, 1914).

Age: Early Tatarian age, Guadelupian Stage, Middle Zeichstein Epoch, Middle Permian.

Material:

SAM 3355: Fragmentary left scapula, left humerus and proximal end of right humerus.

 

 

Locality: Wilgerfontein, Prince Albert, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Middle Abrahamskraal Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Tapinocephalus zone (Dinocephalian zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Lower Tapinocephalus zone, KITCHING, 1970, 1977, WATSON, 1914).

Age: Early Tatarian age, Guadelupian Stage, Middle Zeichstein Epoch, Middle Permian.

Material:

SAM 5007: Left humerus.

 

BROOM, 1915

Locality: Beaufort West District, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Middle Abrahamskraal Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Tapinocephalus zone (Dinocephalian zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Lower Tapinocephalus zone, KITCHING, 1970, 1977, WATSON, 1914).

Age: Early Tatarian age, Guadelupian Stage, Middle Zeichstein Epoch, Middle Permian.

Material:

AMNH 5611: Nearly complete shoulder girdles and fore limbs.

 


BROOM, 1928

Locality: Grans Kraal, Kookfontein, Prince Albert District, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Middle Abrahamskraal Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Tapinocephalus zone (Dinocephalian zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Lower Tapinocephalus zone, KITCHING, 1970, 1977, WATSON, 1914).

Age: Early Tatarian age, Guadelupian Stage, Middle Zeichstein Epoch, Middle Permian.

Material:

SAM 5001: Fragmentary skull and fragmentary skeleton.

 


LYDEKKER, 1890

Locality: Gats-Plaatz, Spreuw Fontein, Prince Albert District, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Middle Abrahamskraal Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Tapinocephalus zone (Dinocephalian zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Lower Tapinocephalus zone, KITCHING, 1970, 1977, WATSON, 1914).

Age: Early Tatarian age, Guadelupian Stage, Middle Zeichstein Epoch, Middle Permian.

Material:

BMNH 43525a: Centrum and base of the arch of a cervical vertebra.

 

 


Locality: Gouph district, near Beaufort West, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Middle Abrahamskraal Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Tapinocephalus zone (Dinocephalian zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Lower Tapinocephalus zone, KITCHING, 1970, 1977, WATSON, 1914).

Age: Early Tatarian age, Guadelupian Stage, Middle Zeichstein Epoch, Middle Permian.

Material:

BMNH R854: Tranverse process.

 

 


Locality: Gats-Plaatz, Spreuw Fontein, Prince Albert District, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Middle Abrahamskraal Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Tapinocephalus zone (Dinocephalian zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Lower Tapinocephalus zone, KITCHING, 1970, 1977, WATSON, 1914).

Age: Early Tatarian age, Guadelupian Stage, Middle Zeichstein Epoch, Middle Permian.

Material:

BMNH 43525b, 43525c, 43525d, 43525e, 43525f, 43525g, 43525h: Fragmentary dorsal vertebrae.

BMNH 43525i: Fragmentary sacrum.

BMNH 43525j: Fragmentary dorsal rib.

BMNH 43525k, 43525l, 43525x: Fragmentary caudal centra.

 

 

Locality: Vers Fontein, Prince Albert District, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Middle Abrahamskraal Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Tapinocephalus zone (Dinocephalian zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Lower Tapinocephalus zone, KITCHING, 1970, 1977, WATSON, 1914).

Age: Early Tatarian age, Guadelupian Stage, Middle Zeichstein Epoch, Middle Permian.

Material:

BMNH 43525m: Fragmentary right scapula and coracoid.

BMNH 43525n: Fragmentary left scapula and precoracoid.

BMNH 43525o: Right humerus.

BMNH 43525p: Left humerus.

BMNH 43525q: Right ulna.

BMNH 43525r: Fragmentary left pelvis.

BMNH 43525s: Right ilium and fragmentary pubis.

BMNH 43525t: Proximal half of right femur.

 


= Moschops capensis HUENE, 1956 non BROOM, 1911
Etymology:

Holotype:

Locality:

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age:

Material:

 


= Taurops macrodon BROOM, 1912
Etymology:

Holotype: AMNH 5610

Locality: Boesmanshoek, Laingsburg, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Middle Abrahamskraal Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Tapinocephalus zone (Dinocephalian zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Lower Tapinocephalus zone, KITCHING, 1970, 1977, WATSON, 1914).

Age: Early Tatarian age, Guadelupian Stage, Middle Zeichstein Epoch, Middle Permian.

Material: Snout with teeth.