Genus: Pristerodon HUXLEY, 1868
Etymology: Greek, prister, “sawyer”, Greek, odon, “tooth”: Sawing tooth.
= Brachyuraniscus BROILI & SCHRODER, 1935
Etymology: Greek, brakhys, “short”, Greek, ouraniskos, “palate”: Short palate.
= Cerataelurus BROOM, 1931
Etymology: Greek, kerat- (keras), “horn”, Greek, ailouros, “cat, weasel”: Horned cat.
= Diaelurodon BROOM, 1911
Etymology: Greek, di-, “two”, Greek, ailouros, “cat, weasel”, Greek, odon, “tooth”: Double cat tooth.
= Emyduranus BROOM, 1921
Etymology: Greek, emydos, (emys), “turtle”, Greek, ouranos, “palate”: Turtle palate.
= Eumantellia BROOM, 1935
Etymology: In honor of Gideon Algernon Mantell, (1790-1852), British paleontologist, for his contribution to palaeontology.
= Hueneus TOERIEN, 1953
Etymology: In honor of Fredrich von Huene, (1875-1969), German paleontologist, who worked in South Africa.
= Newtonella BROOM, 1937
Etymology: In honor of Edwin Tully Newton, (1840-1930) for his work on Elgin anomodonts from the Triassic deposits of Scotland.
= Opistoctenodon BROOM, 1904
Etymology: Greek, opsithe, “backwards”, Greek, ktenos (kteis), “comb”, Greek, odon, “tooth”: Backward comb tooth.
= Parringtoniella TOERIEN, 1953
Etymology: In honor of Francis Rex Parrington, South African Paleontologist.
= Synostocephalus BROILI & SCHRODER, 1935
Etymology: Greek, synostos, (from synotheo “to thrust together”), Greek, kephale, “head”, + us: Thrust-together head.

Species: mackayi HUXLEY, 1868
Etymology:

Holotype: BMNH R1810

Locality: East London, Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Fragmentary skull.

Referred material:

BROOM, 1913

Locality: Victoria West, Northern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Middle Abrahamskraal Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Tapinocephalus zone.

Age: Early Tatarian age, Guadelupian Stage, Middle Zeichstein Epoch, Middle Permian.

Material:

AMNH 5307: Skull.

 

Locality: Buffalo River, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

BMNH R1811, R1812: Lower jaws.

 


RAY, 2001, RAY & BANDYOPADHYAYA, 2003

Locality: Near Golet, Adilabad District, Andhra Pradesh State, India.

Horizon: Lower Gondwana Kundaram Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Equivalent to the Tropidostoma zone (Tropidostoma-Endothidon Assemblage zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, Tropidostoma microtrema zone KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Lower Cistecephalus zone KITCHING, 1970, 1977, Endothiodon zone, WATSON, 1914).

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

ISIR 209: Partial skull and lower jaw.

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Species: rancipes (OWEN, 1876)
Etymology:
= Udenodon rancipes OWEN, 1876
= Oudenodon rancipes (OWEN, 1876)
= Aulacocephalodon rancipes (OWEN, 1876)

Holotype: BMNH R1650

Locality: East London, Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Fragmentary skull.
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Species: agilis (BROOM, 1904)
Etymology:
= Opistoctenodon agilis BROOM, 1904

Holotype: AMG 4319

Locality: The ‘Gouph’, Pearston, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Middle Abrahamskraal Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Pristerognathus zone (Pristerognathus-Diictodon zone, KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1990, KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Upper Tapinocephalus zone KITCHING, 1970, 1977, WATSON, 1914, Upper Pareiasaurus zone BROOM, 1906).

Age: Early Tatarian age, Guadelupian Stage, Middle Zeichstein Epoch, Middle Permian.

Material: Skull.
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Species: whaitsi (BROOM, 1911)
Etymology:
= Diaelurodon whaitsi BROOM, 1911

Holotype: AMNH 5507

Locality: Lemoenfontein, Beaufort West District, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Hoedemaker member, Middle Teekloof Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Tropidostoma zone (Tropidostoma-Endothidon Assemblage zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, Tropidostoma microtrema zone KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Lower Cistecephalus zone KITCHING, 1970, 1977, Endothiodon zone, WATSON, 1914).

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Fragmentary skull.

Paratype: AMNH 5606: Fragmentary skull.

Referred material:

WATSON, 1960

Locality: Hans River Dam, Beaufort West District, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Hoedemaker member, Middle Teekloof Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Lower Tropidostoma zone (Tropidostoma-Endothidon Assemblage zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, Tropidostoma microtrema zone KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Lower Cistecephalus zone KITCHING, 1970, 1977, Endothiodon zone, WATSON, 1914).

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

R 451: Skull, lower jaw and fragmentary skeleton.

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Species: gracilis (HAUGHTON, 1917)
Etymology:
= Emyduranus gracilis BROOM, 1935

Holotype: TM 243

Locality: Leeuwkloof, Beaufort West District, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Skull.


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Species: platyops (BROOM, 1921)
Etymology:
= Emyduranus platyops BROOM, 1921

Holotype: BMNH R4959

Locality: Biesjespoort, Victoria West District, Northern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone (formerly Auacephalodon-Cistecephalus zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, Aulacephalodon baini zone KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Upper Cistecephalus Zone, KITCHING, 1970, 77, Lower Cistecephalus zone WATSON, 1914).

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Fragmentary skull.
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Species: mirabilis (BROOM, 1931)
Etymology:
= Cerataelurus mirabilis BROOM, 1931

Holotype: AMNH 5307

Locality: Victoria West, Northern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Hoedemaker member, Middle Teekloof Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Tropidostoma zone (Tropidostoma-Endothidon Assemblage zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, Tropidostoma microtrema zone KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Lower Cistecephalus zone KITCHING, 1970, 1977, Endothiodon zone, WATSON, 1914).

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Fragmentary skull and mandible.
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Species: microrhynchus (HUENE, 1931)
Etymology:
= Dicynodon microrhynchus HUENE, 1931
= Orophicephalus microrhynchus (HUENE, 1931)

Holotype: UT Huene 1931 T188 F26

Locality: Kuilspoort, Beaufort West District, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Middle Abrahamskraal Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Pristerognathus zone (Pristerognathus-Diictodon zone, KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1990, KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Upper Tapinocephalus zone KITCHING, 1970, 1977, WATSON, 1914, Upper Pareiasaurus zone BROOM, 1906).

Age: Early Tatarian age, Guadelupian Stage, Middle Zeichstein Epoch, Middle Permian.

Material: Skull.
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Species: mirus (BROOM, 1935) KING & RUBIDGE, 1993
Etymology:
= Eumantellia mirus BROOM, 1935

Holotype: TM 248

Locality: Leeuwkloof, Beaufort West District, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone (formerly Auacephalodon-Cistecephalus zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, Aulacephalodon baini zone KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Upper Cistecephalus Zone, KITCHING, 1970, 77, Lower Cistecephalus zone WATSON, 1914).

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Fragmentary skull.


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Species: boonstrai (BROILI & SCHROEDER, 1935)
Etymology:
= Eurychororhinus boonstrai BROILI & SCHROEDER, 1935

Holotype: BSP 1934 VIII 27

Locality: Kuilspoort, Beaufort West District, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Hoedemaker member, Middle Teekloof Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Tropidostoma zone (Tropidostoma-Endothidon Assemblage zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, Tropidostoma microtrema zone KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Lower Cistecephalus zone KITCHING, 1970, 1977, Endothiodon zone, WATSON, 1914).

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Skull and fragmentary skeleton.
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Species: vanhoepeni (BROILI & SCHRODER, 1935)
Etymology:
= Synostocephalus vanhoepeni BROILI & SCHRODER, 1935

Holotype: BSP 1934 VIII 24

Locality: Lombardskraal, Beaufort West District, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Middle Abrahamskraal Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Pristerognathus zone (Pristerognathus-Diictodon zone, KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1990, KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Upper Tapinocephalus zone KITCHING, 1970, 1977, WATSON, 1914, Upper Pareiasaurus zone BROOM, 1906).

Age: Early Tatarian age, Guadelupian Stage, Middle Zeichstein Epoch, Middle Permian.

Material: Fragmentary skull and tip of dentary.

Referred material:

Locality: Hans River Dam, Beaufort West District, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Middle Abrahamskraal Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Pristerognathus zone (Pristerognathus-Diictodon zone, KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1990, KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Upper Tapinocephalus zone KITCHING, 1970, 1977, WATSON, 1914, Upper Pareiasaurus zone BROOM, 1906).

Age: Early Tatarian age, Guadelupian Stage, Middle Zeichstein Epoch, Middle Permian.

Material:

UMZC T384: Skull, lower jaw and axis.

UMZC T385: Skull.

BRINK, 1982

DMSU R4, 46, 47: 3 specimens.

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Species: reuningi (BROILI & SCHRODER, 1935) KING & RUBIDGE, 1993
Etymology:
= Brachyuraniscus reuningi BROILI & SCHRODER, 1935

Holotype: BSP 1934 VIII 26

Locality: La-de-da, Beaufort West District, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Middle Abrahamskraal Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Pristerognathus zone (Pristerognathus-Diictodon zone, KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1990, KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Upper Tapinocephalus zone KITCHING, 1970, 1977, WATSON, 1914, Upper Pareiasaurus zone BROOM, 1906).

Age: Early Tatarian age, Guadelupian Stage, Middle Zeichstein Epoch, Middle Permian.

Material: Skull.

Note: Now lost.
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Species: mermevillensis (TOERIEN, 1953) KING & RUBIDGE, 1993
Etymology:
= Brachyuraniscus mermevillensis TOERIEN, 1953

Holotype: BP 218

Locality: Buffelsveli, near Merweville, Beaufort West District, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Middle Abrahamskraal Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Tapinocephalus zone (Dinocephalian zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Lower Tapinocephalus zone, KITCHING, 1970, 1977, WATSON, 1914).

Age: Early Tatarian age, Guadelupian Stage, Middle Zeichstein Epoch, Middle Permian.

Material: Fragmentary skull.
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Species: platyceps (BROOM, 1937) KING & RUBIDGE, 1993
Etymology:
= Newtonella platyceps BROOM, 1937

Holotype: TM 1464

Locality: New Bethesda, Graaff Reinet District, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Dicynodon zone (Dicynodon lacerticeps-Whaitsia zone, KEYSER 1979, SACS 1980, Dicynodon laticerticeps zone KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Daptocephalus zone KITCHING, 1970, 1977, Upper Cistecephalus zone WATSON, 1914)

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Skull and lower jaw.
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Species: schroederi (JANENSCH, 1952) KING & RUBIDGE, 1993
Etymology:
= Cryptocynodon ?schroederi JANENSCH, 1952

Holotype: BMNK

Locality: Farm Nobelsfontein, near Biesjespoort, Victoria West, Northern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone (formerly Auacephalodon-Cistecephalus zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, Aulacephalodon baini zone KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Upper Cistecephalus Zone, KITCHING, 1970, 77, Lower Cistecephalus zone WATSON, 1914).

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Skull and dentary.
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Species: buffaloensis TOERIEN, 1953
Etymology:

Holotype: BP 241

Locality: Farm Swartbos, Murraysburg District, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone (formerly Auacephalodon-Cistecephalus zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, Aulacephalodon baini zone KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Upper Cistecephalus Zone, KITCHING, 1970, 77, Lower Cistecephalus zone WATSON, 1914).

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Skull and dentary.

Referred material:

BP 242: Skull and dentary.

BP 243, 244: Skulls.

 


Locality: 2 miles north-north-west of Murraysburg District, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

BP 339: Skull.

 


HAUGHTON

Locality: South Africa.

Horizon: Hoedemaker member, Middle Teekloof Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Tropidostoma zone (Tropidostoma-Endothidon Assemblage zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, Tropidostoma microtrema zone KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Lower Cistecephalus zone KITCHING, 1970, 1977, Endothiodon zone, WATSON, 1914).

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

RC 129: Skull and fragmentary lower jaw.

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Species: oudebergensis (TOERIEN, 1953) KING & RUBIDGE, 1993
Etymology:
= Hueneus oudebergensis TOERIEN, 1953

Holotype: BP 303

Locality: Oudeberg plateau, north of Graaff Reinet District, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone (formerly Auacephalodon-Cistecephalus zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, Aulacephalodon baini zone KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Upper Cistecephalus Zone, KITCHING, 1970, 77, Lower Cistecephalus zone WATSON, 1914).

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Skull.
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Species: broomi (TOERIEN, 1953) KING & RUBIDGE, 1993
Etymology:
= Parringtoniella broomi TOERIEN, 1953

Holotype: BP/1/688 (old BP 302)

Locality: Aasvogelkrans, south of Murraysburg District, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone (formerly Auacephalodon-Cistecephalus zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, Aulacephalodon baini zone KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Upper Cistecephalus Zone, KITCHING, 1970, 77, Lower Cistecephalus zone WATSON, 1914).

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Fairly complete but distorted skull without lower jaws.
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