Genus: Oudenodon OWEN, 1860
Etymology: Greek, oudenos, “nothing”, Greek, odon, “tooth”: Nothing tooth.
= Chelyrhynchus HAUGHTON, 1917
Etymology: Greek, kheyls, “turtle”, Greek, rhygkhos, “snout” + us: Turtle beak.
= Mastocephalus van HOEPEN, 1934
Etymology: Greek, masto, “breast, nipple”, Greek, kephale, “head”, + us: Breast head.
= Udenodon OWEN, 1860
Etymology:

Species: baini OWEN, 1860
Etymology:
= Udenodon baini (OWEN, 1860)

Holotype: BMNH 36236

Locality: Near Fort Beaufort, Beaufort West, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Skull.

Referred material:

BOTHA & ANGIELCZK, 2007

Locality:? South Africa.

Horison:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Permian.

Material:

CGP STH463, CGP/1/389:

 

Locality: Walplaas, Walplaas 1, Aberdeen District, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Dicynodon zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

SAM-PK-10113, 10116, 10124:

 

 

Locality: Rhenosterberg, Graaff Reinet District, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: ?

Age: Late Permian.

Material:

BMNH 36232:

 

Locality: Katbosch, Graaff Reinet district, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: ?

Biostratigraphy:?

Age: Late Permian.

Material:

BP/1/111:

 

Locality: Graaff-Reinet Commanage, Graaff Reinet district, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Middle Abrahamskraal Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Tropidostoma zone-Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

BP/1/303:

 

 

Locality: St. Olives, Graaff Reinet district, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

BP/1/788:

 

Locality: Zeekoeigat, Graaff Reinet district, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

BP/1/82:

 

Locality: Tweefontein, Graaff Reinet district, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Dicynodon zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

CGP CBT14:

 

Locality: Doornplaats, Rust 126, Graaff Reinet district, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Dicynodon zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

CGP RS219:

SAM-PK-K7243:

SAM-PK-8777:

 

Locality: Houdconstant, Houd Constant 124, Graaff Reinet district, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

SAM-PK-K7254:

 

Locality: Ostontein, Matjies Valley 105, Graaff Reinet district, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: ?

Age: Late Permian.

Material:

SAM-PK-3727:

 

Locality: Honingnest Krantz, Honingnest Krantz 277, Graaff Reinet district, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: ?

Age: Late Permian.

Material:

SAM-PK-4032:

 

Locality: Ferndale, Matjiesfontein 167, Graaff Reinet District, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Middle Abrahamskraal Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Tropidostoma zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

SAM-PK-K5227:

 

Locality: Bothashoop, Ronde Gat 191, Graaff Reinet District, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Permian.

Material:

SAM-PK-7214:

 

Locality: Wellwood Fossil Dump, Graaff Reinet district, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: ?

Biostratigraphy:?

Age: Late Permian.

Material:

BP/1/385:

 

Locality: Petrusrust, Paal Leegt 224, Beaufort West, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Middle Abrahamskraal Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Tropidostoma zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

CGP RMS 594:

 

 

Locality: Blaauwkrans, Beaufort West, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Tropidostoma zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

CGP RS452:

 

Locality: Dunedin, Quagga Fontein 82, Beaufort West, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Middle Abrahamskraal Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Tropidostoma zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

SAM-PK-10068:

SAM-PK-K5065:

SAM-PK-K5881:

SAM-PK-K6035:

 

Locality: Matjieskloof, Matjieskloof 110, Beaufort West, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

SAM-PK-10326:

 

Locality: Bastard Poort, Beaufort West, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Permian.

Material:

CGP S115:

 

Locality: Paardekraal, Grootvlei 193, Beaufort West, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

SAM-PK-K6045:

 

Locality: Rosedene, Middle Kraal 98, Beaufort West, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

SAM-PK-K6441:

 

Locality: Willowdene, Achterplaats 438, Beaufort West, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Tropidostoma zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

SAM-PK-K6800:

 

Locality: Rhemontofontein?, Beaufort West, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Permian.

Material:

SAM-PK-10220:

 

 

Locality: Hoeksplaas, Murraysburg district, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: ?

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

BP/1/1240:

 

Locality: Amandelboom, Ryers Valley 401, Fraserburg District, North Cape West Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Middle Abrahamskraal Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Tropidostoma zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

SAM-PK-K8602:

 

Locality: Welgevonden, Welgevonden 231, Fraserburg District, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Middle Abrahamskraal Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Tropidostoma zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

SAM-PK-10061:

Locality: Wilgerboskloof, Wilgerbosch Kloof 449, Fraserburg District, North Cape West Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Middle Abrahamskraal Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Tropidostoma zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

SAM-PK-K8639:

 

Locality: Karreebosch, Karee Bosch 63, Murraysburg district, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Middle Abrahamskraal Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Tropidostoma zone-Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

SAM-PK-K7293:

 

 

Locality: Hoeksplaas, Hoeksplaas 159, Murraysburg district, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Middle Abrahamskraal Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Tropidostoma zone-Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

SAM-PK-K7493:

 

Locality: Sekretaris Kraal, Murraysburg District, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

BP/1/1328:

SAM-PK-11141:

 

Locality: Rooipoort, Murraysburg District, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

BP/1/1554:

 

Locality: Beeldhouersfontein, Murraysburg District, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

BP/1/2621:

 

Locality: Towerwater, Murraysburg District, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone-Dicynodon zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

BP/1/3107:

 

Locality: Vleiplaas, Murraysburg District, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

BP/1/688:

 

Locality: Swaelkrans, Murraysburg District, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Middle Abrahamskraal Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Tropidostoma zone-Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

BP/1/772:

 

Locality: Voetpad, Murraysburg District, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

UCMP V48113/42693:

 

Locality: Windpoort, Murraysburg District, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

BP/1/730, 749:

 

Locality: Oudeplaats, Oude Plaats 203, Richmond District, Free (Orange Free) State, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

SAM-PK-10016a:

 

Locality: Osfontein, Richmond District, Free (Orange Free) State, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

SAM-PK-K4807:

SAM-PK-10019:

 

 

Locality: Bieskiespoort, Nobelsfontein 248, Victoria West District, North Cape West Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Middle Abrahamskraal Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Tropidostoma zone-Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

BP/1/337:

 

Locality: Melton Wold, Melton Wold 158, Victoria West District, North Cape West Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Middle Abrahamskraal Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Tropidostoma zone-Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

SAM-PK-11113:

SAM-PK-11114:

 

 

Locality: Chiweta Beds, Malawi.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

MAL 108:

 

Locality: Mpelisi, Ruhuhu asin, Tanzania.

Horizon:?

Biostratigraphy:?

Age: Late Permian.

Material:

UMCZ T1281:

 

Localty: Chikonta, Zambia.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

SAM-PK-11319:

SAM-PK-K7941:

 

 

BROOM, 1901

Locality: Pearston, Graaff Reinet district, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Middle Abrahamskraal Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Tropidostoma zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

Number: Not given: Skeleton, fragmentary skeleton, skull, fragmentary skull, fragmentary skull.

AMNH 5300, 5313:

 

 

RICQULES, 1972

Locality: Biesjiespoort, Victoria West District, Northern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

Number: Not given: Humerus and fragmentary scapula.

 


= Dicynodon strigiceps OWEN, 1855
Etymology:
= Oudenodon strigiceps (OWEN, 1855)
= Aulacocephalus strigiceps (OWEN, 1855)
= Udenodon strigiceps (OWEN, 1855)

Holotype: BMNH 47060

Locality: "Tarka prolongation of the Winterberg", Cape Province, South
Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Upper Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Anterior part of skull.

Referred material:

OWEN, 1854

Locality: South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Permian.

Material:

Royal Collage of Surgeons 312: A plaster cast of the facial region.

 

= Udenodon prognathus OWEN, 1860
Etymology:
= Oudenodon prognathus (OWEN, 1860)
= Dicynodon prognathus (OWEN, 1860)

Holotype: 47059

Locality: Mildenhalls, near Fort Beaufort, Beaufort West, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone (formerly Auacephalodon-Cistecephalus zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, Aulacephalodon baini zone KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Upper Cistecephalus Zone, KITCHING, 1970, 77, Lower Cistecephalus zone WATSON, 1914).

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Skull of a juvenile.

Referred material:

Locality: Cape Colony, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Permian.

Material:

BMNH R1720: Fragmentary skull.

 

= Endothiodon microps LYDEKKER, 1860
Etymology:
= Theriognathus microps (LYDEKKER, 1860)

Holotype: BMNH 47065

Locality: Styl Krantz, on the flanks of the Sneewberg range, Graaff Reinet district, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Permian.

Material: Fragmentary skull.

Referred material:

Locality:

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age:

Material:

BMNH R4044:

 

 

= Aulacocephalus baini SEELEY, 1898
Etymology:

Holotype:

Locality:

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age:

Material:

 

= Udenodon greyi OWEN, 1876
Etymology:
= Oudenodon greyi (OWEN, 1876)
= Rhachinocephalus greyi (OWEN, 1876)
= Dicynodon greyi (OWEN, 1876)

Holotype: BMNH R2679 (36231?)

Locality: Rhenosterberg branch of the Sneewberg range, Graaff Reinet district, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Dicynodon zone (Dicynodon lacerticeps-Whaitsia zone, KEYSER 1979, SACS 1980, Dicynodon laticerticeps zone KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Daptocephalus zone KITCHING, 1970, 1977, Upper Cistecephalus zone WATSON, 1914)

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Fragmentary skull.

Referred material:

BROOM, 1901

Locality: Peartson, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Permian

Material:

Number: Not given: Fragmentary skull of a juvenile.

 


= Udenodon brevirostris OWEN, 1876
Etymology:
= Mastocephalus brevirostris (OWEN, 1876) HOEPEN, 1934
= Oudenodon brevirostris OWEN, 1876
= Rhachinocephalus brevirostris (OWEN, 1876)
= Dicynodon brevirostris (OWEN, 1876)

Holotype: BMNH R1649

Locality: Graaff Reinet district, southern flank of the Sneewberg range, Graaff Reinet district, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Fragmentary skull.

Referred material:

BMNH R1649a: Fragmentary mandible.

 

= Udenodon megalops OWEN, 1876
Etymology:
= Oudenodon megalops (OWEN, 1876)
= Aulacocephalus megalops (OWEN, 1876)
= Dicynodon megalops (OWEN, 1876)

Holotype: BMNH 46061

Locality: Styl-Krantz, Graaff Reinet District, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Dicynodon zone (Dicynodon lacerticeps-Whaitsia zone, KEYSER 1979, SACS 1980, Dicynodon laticerticeps zone KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Daptocephalus zone KITCHING, 1970, 1977, Upper Cistecephalus zone WATSON, 1914)

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Fragmentary skull.

Referred material:

Locality: Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Permian.

Material:

BMNH R1646: Fragmentary skull.

 

BROOM, 1901

Locality: Pearston, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Permian.

Material:

Number: Not given: Fragmentary skull.

 

= Oudenodon truncatus BROOM, 1899
Etymology:
= Dicynodon truncatus (BROOM, 1899)

Holotype: Port Elizabeth Museum

Locality: Probably Hanover, Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Hoedemaker member, Middle Teekloof Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Tropidostoma zone (Tropidostoma-Endothidon Assemblage zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, Tropidostoma microtrema zone KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Lower Cistecephalus zone KITCHING, 1970, 1977, Endothiodon zone, WATSON, 1914).

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Fragmentary skull.

 


= Oudenodon kolbei BROOM, 1912
Etymology:
= Dicynodon kolbei (BROOM, 1912)
= Mastocephalus kolbei (BROOM, 1912) HOEPEN, 1934
= Diictodon kolbei (BROOM, 1912)

Holotype: SAM 1886

Locality: Rhenosterfontein, Beaufort West District, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Skull.

Referred material:

RICQULES, 1972

Locality: Zuuvplats, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

292-3: Fragmentary femur.

 


= Dicynodon lutriceps BROOM, 1912
Etymology:
= Oudenodon lutriceps (BROOM, 1912)

Holotype: AMNH 5501

Locality: Kuilspoort (Kuil’s Poort), Beaufort West District, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone (formerly Auacephalodon-Cistecephalus zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, Aulacephalodon baini zone KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Upper Cistecephalus Zone, KITCHING, 1970, 77, Lower Cistecephalus zone WATSON, 1914).

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Fragmentary skull.

 


= Dicynodon platyceps BROOM, 1913
Etymology:
= Mastocephalus platyceps (BROOM, 1913) HOEPEN, 1934
= Oudenodon platyceps (BROOM, 1913)

Holotype: AMNH 5542

Locality: New Bethesda, Graaff Reinet District, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone (formerly Auacephalodon-Cistecephalus zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, Aulacephalodon baini zone KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Upper Cistecephalus Zone, KITCHING, 1970, 77, Lower Cistecephalus zone WATSON, 1914).

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Skull and skeleton.

Referred material:

AMNH 5635: Skull.

AMNH 5545, 5576: Fragmentary skull.

AMNH 5575: Skull.

2 more skulls.

 


van HOEPEN, 1934

Locality: “Kwanzana”, Ciskei, Eastern Cape Province, East Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone (formerly Auacephalodon-Cistecephalus zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, Aulacephalodon baini zone KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Upper Cistecephalus Zone, KITCHING, 1970, 77, Lower Cistecephalus zone WATSON, 1914).

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

No? ELM: Skull.

 


= Dicynodon planus BROOM, 1913
Etymology:
= Oudenodon planus (BROOM, 1913)
= Mastocephalus planus (BROOM, 1913) HOEPEN, 1934

Holotype: AMNH 5549

Locality: Kuilspoort (Kuil’s Poort), Beaufort West District, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone (formerly Auacephalodon-Cistecephalus zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, Aulacephalodon baini zone KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Upper Cistecephalus Zone, KITCHING, 1970, 77, Lower Cistecephalus zone WATSON, 1914).

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Skull.

Referred material:

BROOM, 1915

Locality: Nek at Kuilspoort, Beaufort West District, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone (formerly Auacephalodon-Cistecephalus zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, Aulacephalodon baini zone KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Upper Cistecephalus Zone, KITCHING, 1970, 77, Lower Cistecephalus zone WATSON, 1914).

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

AMNH 5532: Fragmentary skull and fragmentary skeleton.

 

 

Locality: Dunedin, Beaufort West District, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

SAM 2364: Skull.

 


= Dicynodon halli WATSON, 1914
Etymology:
= Oudenodon halli (WATSON, 1914)

Holotype: BMNH R4067

Locality: Kuilspoort (Kuil' Poort), Beaufort West District, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone (formerly Auacephalodon-Cistecephalus zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, Aulacephalodon baini zone KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Upper Cistecephalus Zone, KITCHING, 1970, 77, Lower Cistecephalus zone WATSON, 1914).

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Skull and skeleton.

 


= Dicynodon mustoi HAUGHTON, 1915
Etymology:
= Dicynodon mustonis HAUGHTON 1915 (sic)
= Oudenodon mustoi (HAUGHTON, 1915)

Holotype: SAM 2674

Locality: Dunedin, Beaufort West District, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone (formerly Auacephalodon-Cistecephalus zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, Aulacephalodon baini zone KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Upper Cistecephalus Zone, KITCHING, 1970, 77, Lower Cistecephalus zone WATSON, 1914).

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Skull of a female.

 


= Dicynodon breviceps HAUGHTON, 1915
Etymology:
= Oudenodon breviceps (HAUGHTON, 1915)
= Mastocephalus breviceps (HAUGHTON, 1917) HOEPEN, 1934

Holotype: SAM 2366

Locality: Farm Voetpad in the Division of Murraysburg, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone (formerly Auacephalodon-Cistecephalus zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, Aulacephalodon baini zone KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Upper Cistecephalus Zone, KITCHING, 1970, 77, Lower Cistecephalus zone WATSON, 1914).

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Fragmentary skull and lower jaw.

Referred material:

cf. breviceps BOONSTRA, 1938

Locality: Mpundu pink Marls, 3 quarters of a mile south of Mpundu, Ruhuhu Valley, Tanzania, East Africa.

Horizon: Horizon 3.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Permian.

Material:

Number: Not given: 2 fragmentary skulls.

 


= Dicynodon cyclops HAUGHTON, 1917
Etymology:
= Oudenodon cyclops (HAUGHTON, 1917)

Holotype: SAM 3447

Locality: Dalham, Graaff Reinet District, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone (formerly Auacephalodon-Cistecephalus zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, Aulacephalodon baini zone KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Upper Cistecephalus Zone, KITCHING, 1970, 77, Lower Cistecephalus zone WATSON, 1914).

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Skull.

 


= Chelyrhynchus lachrymalis HAUGHTON, 1917
Etymology:
= Oudenodon lachrymalis (HAUGHTON, 1917)

Holotype: SAM 3334

Locality: Commonage, Graaff Reinet District, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone (formerly Auacephalodon-Cistecephalus zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, Aulacephalodon baini zone KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Upper Cistecephalus Zone, KITCHING, 1970, 77, Lower Cistecephalus zone WATSON, 1914).

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Skull.

 


= Dicynodon corstorphinei BROOM & HAUGHTON, 1917
Etymology:
= Oudenodon corstophinei (BROOM & HAUGHTON, 1917)

Holotype: SAM 3337

Locality: Heuning Nest Krantz, Graaff Reinet District, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone (formerly Auacephalodon-Cistecephalus zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, Aulacephalodon baini zone KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Upper Cistecephalus Zone, KITCHING, 1970, 77, Lower Cistecephalus zone WATSON, 1914).

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Skull and lower jaw.

Referred material:

BOONSTRA, 1938

Locality: Collected from pinkish to salmon-coloured marls on a lower dissected ridge, near water-hole about 3 quarters of a mile south of Mpundu Village, Tanzania, East Africa.

Horizon: Horizon 3.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Permian.

Material:

R 27: Fragmentary skull.

 


Locality: About 1 3/4 miles south of Mpundu, Tanzania, East Africa.

Horizon: Horizon 4.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Permian.

Material:

R 36: Fragmentary skull.

 


= Dicynodon schwartzi BROOM, 1919
Etymology:
= Oudenodon schwartzi (BROOM, 1919)
= Mastocephalus schwartzi (BROOM, 1919) HOEPEN, 1934

Holotype: Albany Museum 2817

Locality: 12 miles north of Pearston, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone (formerly Auacephalodon-Cistecephalus zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, Aulacephalodon baini zone KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Upper Cistecephalus Zone, KITCHING, 1970, 77, Lower Cistecephalus zone WATSON, 1914).

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Skull.

 


= Dicynodon curtus BROOM, 1921
Etymology:
= Oudenodon curtus (BROOM, 1921)

Holotype: SAM 7850

Locality: 30 miles from Biesjespoort on the Murraysburg Road, Graaff Reinet District, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Lower Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Fragmentary skull and a nearly complete skeleton.

 


= Dicynodon andrewsi BROOM, 1921
Etymology:
= Oudenodon andrewsi (BROOM, 1921)

Holotype: Kimberley Museum, 4169

Locality: Biesjespoort, Victoria West District, Northern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Incomplete skull.

 


= Dicynodon vanderbyli BROOM, 1928
Etymology:
= Oudenodon vanderbyli (BROOM, 1928)

Holotype: McGregor Memorial Museum, Kimberely, McGMK4042

Locality: Near New Bethesda Road Station, New Bethesda, Graaff Reinet District, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Dicynodon zone (Dicynodon lacerticeps-Whaitsia zone, KEYSER 1979, SACS 1980, Dicynodon laticerticeps zone KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Daptocephalus zone KITCHING, 1970, 1977, Upper Cistecephalus zone WATSON, 1914)

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Fragmentary skull.

 


= Dicynodon wilmanae BROOM, 1928
Etymology:
= Oudenodon wilmanae (BROOM, 1928)

Holotype: Kimberly Museum, McGMK 4167

Locality: 2 1/2 miles east of Biesjespoort Station and probably about 500 feet above the horizon of the Station, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone (formerly Auacephalodon-Cistecephalus zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, Aulacephalodon baini zone KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Upper Cistecephalus Zone, KITCHING, 1970, 77, Lower Cistecephalus zone WATSON, 1914).

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Fragmentary skull.

 


= Dicynodon milletti BROOM, 1928
Etymology:
= Oudenodon milletti (BROOM, 1928)

Holotype: Kimberly Museum, McGMK 4164

Locality: Sekretaris Kraal, between Biesjespoort and Murraysburg, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone (formerly Auacephalodon-Cistecephalus zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, Aulacephalodon baini zone KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Upper Cistecephalus Zone, KITCHING, 1970, 77, Lower Cistecephalus zone WATSON, 1914).

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Skull.

Referred material:

BOONSTRA, 1938

Locality: 3 miles from Chikonta on Mpundua Road, Tanzania, East Africa.

Horizon: Horizon 4.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Permian.

Material:

R21: Fragmentary skull.

 


= Dicynodon latirostris BROOM, 1932
Etymology:
= Mastocephalus latirostris (BROOM, 1932) HOEPEN, 1934

Holotype: SAM 5141

Locality: Fort Beaufort, Beaufort West District, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone (formerly Auacephalodon-Cistecephalus zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, Aulacephalodon baini zone KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Upper Cistecephalus Zone, KITCHING, 1970, 77, Lower Cistecephalus zone WATSON, 1914).

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Skull.

Referred material:

BOONSTRA/HAUGHTON & BRINK, 1954

Locality: Luangwa Valley, North Zimbabwe, South Africa.

Horizon: Hoedemaker member, Middle Teekloof Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Tropidostoma zone? (Tropidostoma-Endothidon Assemblage zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, Tropidostoma microtrema zone KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Lower Cistecephalus zone KITCHING, 1970, 1977, Endothiodon zone, WATSON, 1914).

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material:

Number: Not given:

 

= Dicynodon platyfrons BROOM, 1932
Etymology:
= Mastocephalus platyfrons (BROOM, 1932) HOEPEN, 1934

Holotype: East London Museum

Locality: “Kwezana, Beaufort River”, South Africa.

Horizon: Hoedemaker member, Middle Teekloof Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Tropidostoma zone (Tropidostoma-Endothidon Assemblage zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, Tropidostoma microtrema zone KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Lower Cistecephalus zone KITCHING, 1970, 1977, Endothiodon zone, WATSON, 1914).

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Skull.

 


= Oudenodon margaritae van HOEPEN, 1934
Etymology:

Holotype: National Museum, Bloemfontein, 483

Locality: Kranskraal, Bloemfontein, Free (Orange Free) State, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Almost complete skull.

 


= Oudenodon marlothi BROILI & SCHROEDER, 1936
Etymology:

Holotype: University of Munch 1935 VII 32

Locality: Farm Zuurplaats, Graaff Reinet District, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Dicynodon zone (Dicynodon lacerticeps-Whaitsia zone, KEYSER 1979, SACS 1980, Dicynodon laticerticeps zone KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Daptocephalus zone KITCHING, 1970, 1977, Upper Cistecephalus zone WATSON, 1914)

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Skull and fragmentary lower jaw.

 


= Dicynodon wellwoodensis BROOM, 1936
Etymology:
= Oudenodon wellwoodensis (BROOM, 1936)

Holotype: Transvaal Museum 262

Locality: Wellwood, Graaff Reinet District, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone (formerly Auacephalodon-Cistecephalus zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, Aulacephalodon baini zone KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Upper Cistecephalus Zone, KITCHING, 1970, 77, Lower Cistecephalus zone WATSON, 1914).

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Skull.

 


= Dicynodon roberti BOONSTRA, 1938
Etymology:
= Oudenodon roberti (BOONSTRA, 1938)

Cotype: R48

Locality: In red marls along foot of N-S. sandstone scrap 3 to 4 miles north of Ntawene, Tanzania, East Africa.

Horizon: Horizon 5.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Permian.

Material: Fragmentary skull.

Cotype: Fragmentary skull.

Topotye: R 52: Fragmentary skull.

Referred material:

BOONSTRA, 1953

Locality: Ruhuhu Coalfield region, Ngaka-Kingori Hill area, Tanzania, East Africa.

Horizon: Lower Bone Bed.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Late Permian.

Material:

SAM 11706: Fragmentary skull.

 


= Dicynodon allani BROOM, 1940
Etymology:
= Oudenodon allani (BROOM, 1940)

Holotype: RC 37

Locality: Wimbledon, Graaff Reinet District, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Skull.

 


= Dicynodon maccabei BROOM, 1940
Etymology:
= Oudenodon maccabei (BROOM, 1940)

Holotype: RC 52

Locality: St. Olives, Graaff Reinet District, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Skull.

 


= Dicynodon moutonae BROOM, 1948
Etymology:
= Oudenodon moutonae (BROOM, 1948)

Holotype: Kimberly Museum, McGMK 5032

Locality: 10 miles southwest of Graaff Reinet District, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone (formerly Auacephalodon-Cistecephalus zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, Aulacephalodon baini zone KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Upper Cistecephalus Zone, KITCHING, 1970, 77, Lower Cistecephalus zone WATSON, 1914).

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: 2 skulls.

 


= Dicynodon glaucops BROOM, 1948
Etymology:
= Oudenodon glaucops (BROOM, 1948)

Holotype: RC 84

Locality: Doornplaas, Graaff Reinet District, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Dicynodon zone (Dicynodon lacerticeps-Whaitsia zone, KEYSER 1979, SACS 1980, Dicynodon laticerticeps zone KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Daptocephalus zone KITCHING, 1970, 1977, Upper Cistecephalus zone WATSON, 1914)

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Skull.

 


= Dicynodon robertsi BROOM, 1948
Etymology:

Holotype: TM 1598

Locality: “the Pondoland coast”, Transkei (Herschel) District, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Cistecephalus zone.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Anterior part of skull.

 


= Dicynodon brachyrhynchus BROOM, 1948
Etymology:
= Oudenodon brachyrhynchus (BROOM, 1948)

Holotype: RC 86

Locality: Ferndale, Graaff Reinet District, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon:

Biostratigraphy: Dicynodon zone (Dicynodon lacerticeps-Whaitsia zone, KEYSER 1979, SACS 1980, Dicynodon laticerticeps zone KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Daptocephalus zone KITCHING, 1970, 1977, Upper Cistecephalus zone WATSON, 1914)

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Skull.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Species: grandis (HAUGHTON, 1917)
Etymology:
= Dicynodon grandis HAUGHTON, 1917
= Mastocephalus grandis (HAUGHTON, 1917) HOEPEN, 1934

Holotype: SAM 2679

Locality: Dunedin, Beaufort West District, Western Cape Province, South Africa.

Horizon: Hoedemaker member, Middle Teekloof Formation.

Biostratigraphy: Tropidostoma zone (Tropidostoma-Endothidon Assemblage zone KEYSER, 1979, SACS, 1980, Tropidostoma microtrema zone KEYSER & SMITH, 1977-78, Lower Cistecephalus zone KITCHING, 1970, 1977, Endothiodon zone, WATSON, 1914).

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Skull and lower jaw.
_____________________________________________________________________________________

Species: luangwaensis (BOONSTRA, 1938)
Etymology:
= Dicynodon luangwaensis BOONSTRA, 1938

Holotype: SAM 11310

Locality: 3 miles from Chikonta on Mpunda road, Luangwa Valley, Zambia, East Africa.

Horizon: Horizon 4, Upper Madumabsia Mudstone.

Biostratigraphy: Equivalent to the Cistecephalus zone, Late Permian.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Skull missing anterior tip.

Referred material:


= Dicynodon parabrivceps BOONSTRA, 1938
= Oudenodon parabreviceps (BOONSTRA, 1938)
Etymology:

Holotype: SAM 113129 (R34)

Locality: About 1 3/4 miles south of Mpundu, Tanzania, East Africa.

Horizon: Horizon 4.

Biostratigraphy: Equivalent to the Cistecephalus zone, Late Permian.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Fragmentary skull.

 


= Dicynodon euryceps BOONSTRA, 1938
Etymology:
= Oudenodon euryceps (BOONSTRA, 1938)

Holotype: SAM 11316 (R18)

Locality: 3 miles from Chikonta on Mpundu road, Tanzania, East Africa.

Horizon: Horizon 3.

Biostratigraphy: Equivalent to the Cistecephalus zone, Late Permian.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Skull.

 


= Dicynodon helenae BOONSTRA, 1938
Etymology:
= Oudenodon helenae (BOONSTRA, 1938)

Holotype: SAM 11312 (R12)

Locality: 3 miles from Chikonta on Mpundu road, Tanzania, East Africa.

Horizon: Horizon 3.

Biostratigraphy: Equivalent to the Cistecephalus zone, Late Permian.

Age: Tatarian Age, Lopingian Subepoch, Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Skull.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Species: sakamenensis MAZIN & KING, 1991
Etymology:

Holotype: PVHR 288

Locality: Between Ranohira and Benenitra, Southwestern Malagasy, Fianarantosa Province, Madagascar.

Horizon: Top of the lower Sakamena Formation.

Biostratigraphy:

Age: Ufimian Stage, Lower Guadelupian Stage, Lower Zechstein Epoch, Late Permian.

Material: Nearly complete skull and lower jaw.